Rights and duties

We have all made the common mistake, or have seen people do it, of confusing the terms rights and duties . You see, both concepts are very important in the legal sector, and not only there, anyone who wants to have an educated conversation or a properly structured debate, should know the difference between rights and duties . Read on for a wealth of information about them.



ConceptThey are benefits that a certain governing body owes to citizens, residents and the people they govern.Duties are the civil responsibilities that each citizen is supposed to fulfill. These help to make the country a peaceful and suitable place to live.
Owed byThe legal body / governing bodyCitizens / residents of a politically determined area
Enjoyed byThe citizensSociety in general
Legal conflictMay be subject to legal dispute / contested in court.Usually it is not subject to many conflicts.
NatureIt can change according to the collective opinion of the society.Stays generally static.
Application demographicsSometimes some rights apply only to specific groups.Duties are applicable to the entire population. There may be some rare exceptions.
ExamplesRight to equality, right to liberty, right to exploitation, right to property, right to constitutional remedies, etc.Paying taxes, serving in the military (during conscription / wartime), and not spying for a foreign power with the intention of undermining the government.

When we speak of rights, we speak of rules, regulations, and social norms that are allowed to citizens and residents of a country, state, or immediately politically governed area owed to them by the legal system, the local government body. .

Again, when we talk about duties, we are talking about the commitment of a citizen or person who lives in the political sphere with society, the legal system and the governing body of that place . So the difference between rights and duties is that the first are the privileges and concessions granted to citizens and the second are the duties that citizens are expected to fulfill.

What are rights

Rights are the benefits that a certain governing body owes to citizens, residents and the people they govern . These rights generally exist in democracies and, in such cases, are protected by the constitution. Any changes that must take place must be challenged in court, and if the court decides to rule in favor of the case, only then is the law modified.

Rights can be divided into several categories in different ways, the most common being natural rights or rights that no human has created or can change. This includes the right to life, which tells us that every human being has the right to live, and it is a criminal offense if someone takes this right away from another person.

Similarly, there are legal rights , which are defined in the constitution. It could also take the liberty of assigning various penalties to the violation of rights, and this includes the violation of natural rights.

So another feature of rights is that they can also apply to selective groups . A well-known example is the prevailing seat reservation system in educational institutions, government jobs for people belonging to registered castes, registered tribes and other backward classes. The main reason for doing so is that they have historically been oppressed and therefore enjoy this right to stand out and catch up with the wider society.

However, we cannot write a paragraph about rights and not talk about fundamental rights . These are the rights that every democratic constitution guarantees to every citizen bound by it. Generally they vary from one country to another, but mostly contain some as the right to equality, the right to liberty, the right to exploitation, the right to property, the right to constitutional remedies, etc . Fundamental rights are always valid but can be suspended when the nation is in a state of emergency.

What are homework

Duties are the civil responsibilities that each citizen is supposed to fulfill . These are believed to help make the country a peaceful and suitable place to live. Rights and duties are often complementary and one is the derivation of the other. Take it this way, the constitution gives citizens the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, in return, citizens have a duty to support and defend the constitution.

If we have a proper look, then we see that one cannot be without the other. If the constitution did not grant the rights of liberty to the citizens, it would end in an unsatisfied and unhappy society, which would eventually descend into anarchy, hence the right to liberty. Now that the constitution has granted citizens this right, they strive to uphold the constitution, as its collapse would result in a state of lawlessness again.

Therefore, rights and duties, although significantly different, are considered necessary and complementary to each other . They are opposite sides of the same coin.

However, the main beneficiary of these responsibilities is society in general. No one is above the law, and therefore when someone serves the constitution, they do not serve any individual or any group of individuals. They support the people who made this constitution, the people. This is especially prevalent in democracies, hence the Abraham Lincoln quote: “Democracy belongs to, by and for the people.”

Main differences between rights and duties

  • The main difference between rights and duties is that the governing body owes the rights to the people and the people owe responsibilities to the society or the country.
  • Citizens enjoy rights, while the general population enjoys the benefits of duties.
  • Rights can be subject to legal conflicts, while duties are not usually.
  • Rights can be changed if society feels that it is wrong or that it does not deserve it. Homework, however, generally does not face such problems.
  • Rights may be exclusive to specific groups. Homework is primarily valid across all demographics.


Rights and duties are two very important needs for the proper functioning of society . As stated above, both are complementary to each other and are essentially two sides of the same coin.

Rights guarantee that the citizen gets equality, opportunities and is on the same level as everyone else and lives a happy life, and duties guarantee that society is kept in order and that nothing falls into chaos. The perfect synchronization of the two leads to a harmonious society .

Rights and duties are closely related and cannot be separated from each other. They both go side by side, they are two sides of the same coin. If the State grants the right to life to a citizen, it also imposes on him the obligation not to expose his life to danger, as well as to respect the lives of others.

It is also worth asking, what is the difference between rights, duties and responsibilities of citizens? A duty of citizens would be to pay taxes, serve in the military (during conscription / wartime), and not spy for a foreign power with the intention of undermining the government. The rights of citizens are much greater than the duties in number.

In this way, what are the most important rights or duties?

These rights have a legal sanction and are enforceable in a court of law . This is the most important difference between a fundamental right and a fundamental duty. The former exists by virtue of the fact that you are a human being, while the latter also exists as a responsibility to you as a human being.

Then; What do you mean by right? Rights are legal, social or ethical principles of freedom or law; that is, they are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed or owed to people, according to some legal system, social convention or ethical theory.

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *