Warm and cold colors

The warm colors are those associated with a feeling of high temperature, while the cool colors are those that relate to a low temperature.

According to this explanation studied by the psychology of color, the blue and green tones are mainly those that are classified as cold colors, and the tones that contain red and yellow are within the warm colors.

Therefore, to determine if a color is warm or cold, the temperature of the color and the thermal and psychological sensation that it produces in humans are taken into account.

Warm colorsCold colors
DefinitionThey are those that transmit a sensation of high temperature.They are the ones that transmit a sensation of low temperature.
Associated conceptsLove, passion and danger.Professionalism, well-being and sadness.
Sensation they conveyWarmth, closeness, enthusiasm, dynamism and joy.Cold, serenity, calm, remoteness and loneliness.
ExamplesRed, yellow and orange.Blue, green and purple.

What are warm colors?

Warm colors are those that convey a sensation of warmth .

Yellow, orange, red, brown and gold are traditionally classified as warm colors. It is said that the redder a color has in its composition, the warmer it will be.

Warm colors are usually associated with fire and passion, they are also related to sunsets and nature in the fall.

The feeling that warm colors convey depends on the hue. Generally, by being associated with a thermal sensation of heat, they can transmit warmth, closeness, vitality, enthusiasm, dynamism, joy or even danger.

What are cool colors?

Cold colors are those that convey a low temperature thermal sensation .

According to the psychology of color, they are those tones that go from blue to green and purple. It is said that the more blue a color has in its composition, the colder it will be.

Cold colors are usually associated with winter, night, the sea, and cold.

Depending on the tonality, cool colors can convey a feeling of tranquility, calm, or even professionalism. In fields such as architecture or decoration, they are used to give a feeling of more space, distance and spaciousness.

Psychologically, cold colors can be associated with serenity, calm, peace, remoteness, loneliness, or even sadness.

Warm and cool colors on the color wheel

The perception that the human eye has of a color and how it interprets it, based on the sensation that it produces , is what allows differentiating a warm color from a cold one.

According to this, the thermal sensations regarding the warmth or coldness of a color is subjective. For this reason, various studies have been carried out to determine which colors can be classified as cold or warm, taking into account the most common reactions they cause in people.

In the chromatic circle, warm and cold colors can be identified by dividing it into two opposite symmetrical parts, so you can see warm colors, ranging from yellow to purple, and cold, ranging from green to violet.

Through colors, different emotions and sensations can be transmitted, which is why they play a fundamental role in design, decoration, arts and advertising.

Designers and advertisers alike use the psychology of color to provoke certain reactions and moods.

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