Types of leadership

The word leadership implies exerting an influence on certain people to be able to motivate and encourage them to work in the desired way and thus they can achieve the objectives proposed in common. The person who exercises this leadership is known as a leader.

The goal of a leader is to set a goal and be able to make people want and strive to achieve it.

Being a boss is not the same as being a leader, nor are all forms of leadership the same, nor do they have the same effects. Let’s see what are the ten most important types of leadership .

Leadership typeCharacteristics
 Autocratic leadershipExtreme way of exercising power by leaders over workers.
 Natural leadershipHe carries out his leadership in a simple way and according to the needs of the work team.
 Charismatic leadershipThey inspire enthusiasm in work teams so that they can achieve set goals.
 Participatory or democratic leadershipThey invite the work team to collaborate and participate in decision-making.
 Transactional leadershipThe work teams decide and must obey the orders indicated by their leader
 Liderazgo “laissez-faire”They tend to leave the working groups to work on their own.
 People-oriented leadershipThey have the objective of organizing, supporting and developing work teams.
 Bureaucratic leadershipFollow the established rules in a very rigorous way.
 Task-oriented leadershipThey put the focus on the specific task and on meeting the objectives.
 Transformational leadershipThey inspire the working groups in a permanent way, transmitting enthusiasm to their members.

Types of leadership

  1. Autocratic leadership

This type of leadership implies an extreme form of exerting power on the part of the leaders on the workers. The lack of freedom of communication and movement within the group stands out. A decision determined by the leader is not discussed and everything falls on him, both the triumphs and the responsibility for mistakes (although it usually happens that they derive the blame on the employees) Many employees feel bad being treated in this way

This style of leadership can be effective in some styles of unskilled work, as the advantages of control often outweigh the disadvantages.

  1. Natural leadership

Natural leadership refers to a leader who is not recognized in a formal way, that is, it describes a person who is a leader by nature. This implies that this person, whether at any level of a company, carries out his leadership in a simple way and according to the needs of the work team.

Although the natural leader is not recognized as such by a title, he does represent that role perfectly. Their recommendations are accepted and taken to meet the goals. They are people who are highly appreciated by the group and valued.

This type of leadership is considered democratic, since the entire team participates in the decision-making process. Some consider that this way of working and leadership model are highly valued in these times where values ​​are becoming more and more important, others instead believe that in certain situations where there is a lot of competition, natural leaders can lose out.

  1. Charismatic leadership

This type of leadership is similar to transformational, the main goal is to inspire enthusiasm in the different work teams so that they can achieve the established objectives. These are people who have the characteristic of being friendly, energetic and willing to motivate and lead the rest of the employees. They have a strong constructive personality, unlike other leaderships where the imperative personality predominates.

Among the negative aspects of this leadership, it can be mentioned that sometimes charismatic leaders tend to believe more in themselves than in work teams, and this is something that can generate some problems.

Charismatic leadership is common to find in current companies or organizations, and it is highly recognized within the organization itself as it generates positive feelings within the group. It is thanks to these qualities that the people who make up the team consider that without this leader it is not possible to achieve success.

  1. Participatory or democratic leadership

The democratic leader is the one who makes the last decision, on the other hand, participatory leaders are those who invite other people who are part of the work team to collaborate and participate in decision-making. This last leadership favors the development of new skills and also increases job satisfaction and motivates them to work more.

Although it is a type of leadership that usually takes time to achieve, it brings excellent results. It is a very healthy type of relationship, as all team members can contribute and provide their points of view. The most important key is that an atmosphere of dialogue is generated and that is very positive to be able to pursue the objectives set.

  1. Transactional leadership

Transactional leadership is that work teams decide to obey the orders indicated by their leader. In the same way, the leader can challenge those who consider that they are not complying and working in the way that he wishes.

This style of leadership is more of a type of management.

  1. Liderazgo “laissez-faire”

This type of leadership is used to describe those leaders who tend to leave work groups to work on their own. The term Laissez faire means “let it be.”

The main thing is to give absolute freedom to all subordinates with respect to decision-making. The role of this leader will be to provide resources and tools to his team and to control that they are achieving the goals.

Laissez Faire leadership is usually carried out with workers who have extensive experience, have their own initiative and are highly autonomous and independent people, who are trained in decision-making.

The disadvantage of this type of leadership is that the leader must be absolutely sure that the members of the work team possess these detailed qualities.

  1. People-oriented leadership

People-oriented leadership implies that leaders have the objective of organizing, supporting and developing work teams. It is a type of participatory leadership that tends to encourage teamwork and collaboration between the different members.

The most important thing for leaders is the people and trying to get the best of them to be able to maximize the goals of the company or organization with their contribution. A good leader must know how to identify the different qualities of each of the members of the work team, to determine, according to the different needs, what task and objectives will be given to each one.

  1. Bureaucratic leadership

Bureaucratic leadership is defined as leadership that follows the established rules in a very rigorous way. Leaders of this type aim to make sure that everything their team members do is correct and accurate.

This type of leadership is recommended in companies or organizations that have security risks or in which large amounts of money are being handled.

The goal of the bureaucratic leader will be to strictly comply with the rules established by the company, beyond what is most convenient for the group or what each one needs to meet their own objectives. This type of leadership implies absolute rigidity with the management model, so it is very important to be careful with this model and the consequences it may cause.

  1. Task-oriented leadership

This type of leadership is the opposite of people-oriented leadership. It consists of putting the focus on the specific task and meeting the objectives. They do not take into account the people, nor their personal growth, but that they fulfill the task entrusted and that they do it in the most efficient, fast and economical way possible.

The leaders of this model are good at defining the necessary roles, ordering, organizing and controlling that the tasks are fulfilled. As a disadvantage we can mention that they do not take into account the well-being of the team members and this usually causes motivation problems.

  1. Transformational leadership

Much of leadership theorists consider this model or type to be true leadership. It is based on the inspiration of the working groups in a permanent way, transmitting enthusiasm to its members.

These leaders, in turn, also need to be supported by the employees.

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