Types of bullying

There are 8 types of bullying :

  1. Bullying verbal.
  2. Psychological bullying .
  3. Direct physical bullying .
  4. Indirect physical bullying .
  5. Bullying sexual.
  6. Bullying social.
  7. Cyberbullying.
  8. Bullying at work ( mobbing ).

Bullying is considered any conduct that threatens the physical, mental, emotional, sexual or social integrity of a person or group of people in a systematic way.

Although the concept of bullying is generally related to bullying, the reality is that there can also be intimidating practices in work environments, in which case the appropriate term is mobbing .

The term bullying is an Anglicism whose root is bull (bull, in English). From there derives the verb to bull (to intimidate). For its part, mobbing is a more recent term that comes from the verb to mob (harass).

DefinitionNegative and systematic behaviors that put the well-being of a person or group of people at risk.
  • Bullying verbal.
  • Psychological bullying .
  • Direct physical bullying .
  • Indirect physical bullying .
  • Bullying sexual.
  • Bullying social.
  • Cyberbullying o acoso digital.
  • Bullying laboral (mobbing).
  • Screams.
  • Threats
  • Teasing.
  • Pushing.
  • Hits.
  • Sexual harassment.
  • Social discrimination.
  • Exposure of private information on the networks.

Bullying verbal

This is perhaps the most common form of bullying and in many cases it is so normalized that it tends to go unnoticed. However, verbal harassment is considered to be offensive nicknames, derogatory qualifying terms, defamation, profanity or negative statements based on race, gender, physical or mental disabilities, etc.

An example of verbal bullying are nicknames that denote a difference or trait in a derogatory way, such as “black”, “fat”, “Chinese”, “shorty”, etc.

Psychological bullying

They are intimidating behaviors that aim to influence the harassed person’s self-perception, either by making them doubt their physical appearance, their intellectual abilities, etc.

An example of psychological bullying is the teasing, threats, mistreatment and humiliation suffered by many outstanding students for their academic performance, who are made to feel different or “strange” with respect to the majority group.

Direct physical bullying

As its name implies, it refers to harassment practices that include physical attacks against a person or group of people. This involves hitting, slapping, shoving, kicking, fighting, etc.

An example of physical bullying with the “welcomes”, “hazing” and “rituals” that are done to students who enter a new course, school or group. On many occasions, the harassed person is subjected to humiliation and physical abuse that they are supposed to resist if they want to be part of that group.

Indirect physical bullying

In this type of bullying, there is no contact between the aggressor and the victim. However, intimidating behaviors occur that involve the use of physical force or manual actions.

An example of indirect physical bullying is the theft or destruction of the victim’s belongings.

Bullying sexual

Better known as sexual harassment, it is any practice that involves the execution of non-consensual sexual acts by one of the parties involved. And while statistically girls and young people are more likely to suffer this type of bullying, children and adolescents can also suffer it.

An example of sexual harassment is kissing, fondling, touching another person’s private parts without their consent, as well as forcing them to have sex.

See also Difference between harassment, assault and sexual abuse .

Bullying social

They are acts of intimidation or rejection against a student, generated by their social or family situation (they are adopted, have financial problems, are from another region or country, etc.)

In these cases, the practices imply the exclusion of the affected student, either by ignoring their opinions, making them feel inferior or of little value with respect to the harassing group, fostering their isolation.

An example of social bullying is teasing towards students in a situation of economic vulnerability, who usually do not have access to clothes, shoes or school supplies in the same quantity or quality as the rest of their classmates.

Cyberbullying (online harassment)

Online harassment are all practices that involve any type of threat or intimidation through the web. This includes the use of email, social media, web pages, instant messaging, online forums or groups, etc.

An example of cyberbullying is publishing photos, videos or compromising conversations of the victim without their authorization, spreading false information about her, threatening or insulting through digital means, etc.

See also Advantages and disadvantages of the internet.

Bullying at work ( mobbing )

The mobbing or harassment at work are all intimidating behaviors perpetrated against one or several people in the workplace. Generally, the objective of this type of bad practice is to make the harassed person leave the company.

An example of harassment at work is the assignment of tasks that are below the capabilities or responsibilities of the position held by the person, although it can also include verbal and physical threats, sexual harassment, etc.

See also:

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