ICTs: advantages and disadvantages

The Information Technology and Communications (ICT) refers to a diverse group of practices, tools and knowledge associated with consumption and transmission of information. A reality or a brand new paradigm developed from the technological change that humanity has experienced in recent times.

Access to informationDistractions
Speed ​​or time savingUnreliable information
Multitude of activitiesIsolation
TICsMotivationLack of sensible reality
PersonalizationIndividual reality
Search abilityAnxiety and stress
Immediate communicationTechnological dependency
A planetary consciousnessForced adaptation

ICTs refer to a large amount of knowledge, methods, tools and practices developed in the transmission of information, all in a context of technological development. The variety of its scope is extraordinary because it ranges from finance to the media, love relationships, the entertainment industries and countless other sites that can usually be the grounds of applications on devices.


ICTs are a cultural fact based on a technological reality. As such, they have countless advantages, positive data, evolutions that are detailed below.

Access to information

A technological device with access to the web today is not a miraculous fact, nor is its accessibility. There are even entire countries, like Germany, where most people, for example, have two phones. Therefore, a positive fact is that a large number of individuals have access to information whose limits are always wider, a varied, diverse reality. What cannot be found on the internet?

Speed ​​or time saving

Speed ​​is a feature of our time, because ultimately they are a characteristic of ICTs. Access information quickly, know distant events at any time, communicate with other people, glimpse minute-by-minute transactions, develop an algorithm that allows us to circulate, eat or fall in love according to our wishes or tastes, also faster.

Multitude of activities

ICTs, from their variety of devices (always increasing), allow a multitude of operations with them. Communication in real time in various ways, love affairs, buying and selling objects, playing video games online, sharing personal data, learning about the most varied topics (a historical event or a specific language, to give some examples).


If we understand motivation as a kind of positive energetic or emotional impulse, it is important to emphasize that ICTs help a lot in this. All the processes in which the new information and communication technologies intervene appeal to a collaborative self, with levels of autonomy, selection of information, highly personalized searches, fun, among other related ideas. For example, making a sale on the street or through ICTs, generate abysses of differences: the latter can be fast, simple, advantageous, beneficial, among other features.


This is possibly one of the most recent characteristics of ICTs and one that will continue to deepen over time: the personalization of the information that people access. Yes, because somehow the algorithmic complexity, based on the user’s data discharged into the network, makes them live in a kind of virtual preserve: specific advertising for that person, tastes, advice, tourist destinations, urban paths to follow. , movies to watch, potential loves to know.

Search ability

Although there is personalization of the information, it is still true that the search skills in the individual are very important. Information and communication technologies require a selective individual, active in his search, to develop all kinds of creative tools.

Immediate communication

A naturalized feature, but one that can never be set aside: the communicative possibilities of new technologies. Today we can talk, see a live image, chat with a person who is on the antipodes of the world. The same if we want to know a specific fact, news about the most remote lands. Texts, books, images, videos and much more blur the borders.

A planetary consciousness

Information and communication break any kind of geographic barrier, creating a kind of planetary consciousness. If the problems at present acquire this scale, an ethical reality that ICTs allow is that the answers have universal features in terms of empathy, solidarity, knowledge, among other ideas.


But ICTs also have various disadvantages, negative points to take into account in order to develop a somewhat more critical thinking around them.

Too many distractions

ICTs open up a world of speed, time savings and a multitude of information that, however, can end up being distractions for the human being. Do we really have a brain ready for that multitude of stimuli? Many scholars say no, so the danger of this type of information and communication, from high technologies, may be a lack of depth, of critical thinking development. It was gained in extension, but it was lost in intensity.

Unreliable information

If ICTs open us a huge box of information, many of it created by the same earthly user, it is likely that there is also junk data, not very reliable or of little value. This is important to remember in the new world of technology.


A sociological feature that many scholars have been observing regarding ICTs is how they promote social atomization, isolation, the impossibility of a face-to-face that does not always have an algorithm as an intermediary. Excess of connectivity and perhaps lack of carnal conjunction.

Shrinking of sensible reality

ICTs have a tendency that is the loss of sociality in many people or simply two who are face to face, in what is known as reality. Yes, the idea of ​​the unrepeatable of a simple encounter loses ground when what proliferates are multiple devices that replace a flesh and blood experience (alone or together). Everywhere connectivity and of the most varied: playing games, meeting people, visiting a place, going to a restaurant, carrying out an economic / financial activity, even driving (in the future neither will individuals).

An individual reality

ICTs gradually develop a personalized reality, tailored to the specific subject from the study of their information. Therefore, everything is as the person is supposed to be, avoiding anguish, frustrations, failures and mistakes. In some way, reality is avoided, as something that does not necessarily follow the desires of man. But in that reality you change and grow, you have essential experiences such as memorizing, calculating, getting to a place on your own.

Anxiety and stress

The multitude of stimuli, the proliferation of the most varied information, the desire on the part of modern technologies to create a virtual double of reality, generate anxiety and stress in the human being. How can one respond to all this? In truth, many scholars have associated pathologies with the new technological times.

Technological dependency

ICTs have become so integrated into life (their nature, by definition, is invasive) that they develop a dependency, an addiction in people. You can’t live today without a cell phone, even though humanity did pretty well for centuries. There is a need to always be connected, to know everything or not to miss anything.

Forced adaptation

If ICTs grow and are invasive, if their need is greater every day, they make something clear: whoever does not use them must sooner or later adapt (or stay on the road). Currently there are countless activities that require ICTs, whose knowledge of use is not accessible to everyone.

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