17 sustainable development goals

The UN (United Nations Organization) approved in 2015, the 2030 agenda on sustainable development, an opportunity for countries and their societies to embark on a new path with which to improve the lives of all. The agenda has 17 sustainable development goals.


Each objective has specific goals that must be achieved in the next 15 years. Where all countries must do their part, both governments, the private sector, civil society and individuals like any of us.

The 17 objectives and goals of sustainable development are:

1.End of poverty. 

Although the percentage of the number of people in extreme poverty decreased, this new context of Covid-19 puts at risk all the progress achieved so far. The economic consequences of the global pandemic could increase poverty worldwide.

For those who work, their job does not guarantee a decent life, in fact a large percentage of workers around the world and their families were living in extreme hardship by 2018. Therefore, guaranteeing the social protection of all children and others vulnerable groups is essential to reduce poverty.

2. Zero hunger. 

This goal is intended to end hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition, promote sustainable agriculture. The zero hanbre is a key piece in the construction of a better future for all.

Added to this, as hunger slows human development, we will not be able to achieve the other sustainable development goals such as education, health and gender equality. There are some goals to be able to reach zero hunger:

  • Universal access to food
  • End all forms of malnutrition
  • ensure genetic diversity
  • Invest in rural infrastructure development
  • Correct and prevent distortions in the agricultural market
  • Take steps to make food commodity markets work

3.Health and wellness 

Regulations relating to the health and well-being of workers should be audited by external companies. Added to this is necessary a greater legislation on chemicals and toxic discharges that pollute the population.

4.Quality education 

Education enables upward socioeconomic mobility and is key to escaping poverty . In recent years, great strides have been made in expanding access to education. It should be borne in mind that in 2020 due to the pandemic in most countries they announced the temporary closure of schools.

5.Gender equality 

This is not only a fundamental individual right , but it is one of the essential foundations for building a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world.

6.Clean water and sanitation 

There are a large number of people who still do not have access to safe water and sanitation.

7.Affordable and clean energy 

It seeks to guarantee access to affordable, safe, sustainable and modern energy for all .

For this, it is necessary to double the world rate of improvement in energy efficiency, as well as to substantially increase the percentage of renewables in the energy mix.

8 decent work and economic growth 

The objectives are aimed at stimulating sustainable economic growth by increasing productivity levels and technological innovation. Promoting policies that encourage entrepreneurship and job creation is crucial to this end, as well as effective measures to eradicate forced labor, slavery, and human labor.

9.Industry, innovation and infrastructure 

They play a key role in introducing and promoting new technologies, facilitating international trade, and enabling efficient use of resources. Inclusive and sustainable industrialization, together with innovation and infrastructure, can unleash dynamic and competitive economic forces that create jobs.

10.Reduce inequality within and between countries 

The inequality within and between countries is an ongoing concern.

11 Sustainable cities and communities 

The world is increasingly urbanized , cities and metropolitan areas are nerve centers of economic growth since they contribute to approximately 60% of world GDP. Yet they also account for a large percentage of global carbon emissions and resource use.

Rapid urbanization is resulting in increasing numbers of inhabitants in poor neighborhoods, inadequate and overloaded infrastructure and services.

12. Responsible consumption and production 

World consumption and production depend on the use of the natural environment and resources in a way that continues to have destructive effects on the planet.

13. Climate action 

Levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere rose to record levels. Climate change is affecting all countries on all continents, altering local economies and affecting different lives. Weather systems are changing, sea levels are rising, and weather events are becoming more and more extreme.

Although greenhouse gas emissions are estimated to fall by around 6% in 2020, due to movement restrictions and economic recessions resulting from the pandemic, this improvement is known to be temporary.

14 underwater life 

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future , however at present there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters due to pollution and acidification of the oceans that is having an adverse effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity.

15 Life of terrestrial ecosystems 

Work with the environment to protect people . An increase in zoonotic epidemics was warned that is a cause of great concern, studies indicated that 70% of all new infectious diseases in humans are zoonotic and that these diseases are closely related to the health of ecosystems.

16. Peace, justice and strong institutions 

Conflict, insecurity, weak institutions and limited access to justice continue to pose a serious threat to sustainable development . The number of people fleeing wars, persecutions and conflicts exceeded 70 million, more than 300 murders and 30 forced disappearances of human rights defenders and journalists were registered in more than 47 countries.

17 alliances to achieve objectives 

Many countries require official development assistance in order to promote growth and trade, yet aid levels are declining and donor countries have not honored their commitment to increase financing for development.

For a development program to be successfully implemented, it is necessary to establish inclusive partnerships, based on principles and values, as well as on a shared vision and goals that focus first on people and the planet.

Now more than ever, strong international cooperation is necessary to ensure that countries with the means to recover from the pandemic rebuild better and achieve the Sustainable Development goals.

No country can overcome this pandemic alone, solidarity at the global level is not only a moral imperative, but it is also in the interest of all. Most developing countries do not have the natural resources and the necessary or sufficient fiscal space to finance a response to COVID-19 and adequate recovery measures. International cooperation and external financing are crucial.

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