Rights and obligations of children

To build a better world, it is essential to guarantee the rights of children . As parents, teachers, educators, it is our obligation to be able to teach and convey to them what their rights are and what their obligations are.

Next we will know what are the rights and obligations of children .

Children’s rightsChildren’s obligations
DefinitionSet of legal norms that protect children. All these children’s rights are inalienable and inalienable, this implies that no one can violate or ignore them.They are those responsibilities that all children acquire towards other children, with their family and with the community.
Examples-Right to life, survival and development.
-Right to identity.
-Right to health.
-Education rights.
-Right of protection.
-The right to social security.
-Right to be protected by law.
-Obligation to respect each other.
-Obligation not to abuse.
-Obligation to take care of the environment.
-Obligation to collaborate with other children.
-Obligation to learn the knowledge taught in school, always respecting the capacities of each child.


Rights and obligations of children

Respecting and guaranteeing the rights and obligations of boys and girls is fundamental for the present and future of our society. Without a doubt, their happiness and well-being is paramount for everyone.

There has been a lot of talk about children’s rights . More than 175 countries signed the Convention on the Rights of the Child , which is a treaty that establishes equal rights for all children in the world. However, this is often impossible to comply with due to different socio-economic and socio-cultural reasons, such as, for example, the armed conflicts that are present in several countries. This situation reduces the possibility that thousands of children will not be able to live a childhood with their family, with educational opportunities and with the necessary health care for a healthy life.

Through the Convention on the Rights of the Child, infants are recognized as political, economic, civil, cultural and social agents, and commitments are established that States must assume in order to guarantee the protection of children in different areas.

In this convention it is established that any person under 18 years of age is considered a boy or girl, and they must be guaranteed a series of rights.

Children’s rights

All the rights enunciated in the declaration of the rights of the child, will be recognized for all children, without distinction or discrimination based on race, color, sex, language, religion, political opinions, national origin or social status, their economic position, birth or other condition, both of the child and of their family.

-Every child has the right to life , survival and development.

-Every child has the right to identity , and this is expressed by registering the child with the competent bodies in each country, where their name and nationality will be registered.

-Right to know their parents and to be cared for by them.

-Right to participate in legal proceedings in case of being separated from their parents, whether due to separations, mistreatment, among others

-The right of every child to have contact with one or both parents in the event that there is separation between them, except that this contact is not beneficial for the child.

-Right to freedom of movement between the different States that make up the UN (United Nations Organization). This right to freedom of movement will be limited in the cases that are clearly stipulated in the legislation of each State.

-Right to freedom of expression . This also implies being able to receive, distribute and seek information.

-Right of the child to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.

– Right to protection , this implies that they must be protected against all forms of abandonment, cruelty and exploitation. The child may not be trafficked in any way, nor should the child be allowed to work before an appropriate minimum age.

-Right to be able to associate freely and meet peacefully.

-Right to be protected by law.

-Every boy or girl who is in a refugee status must be protected and assisted in order to access their rights.

– Right to integration , those boys and girls who have disabilities or physical or mental conditions have the right to be able to enjoy a satisfactory life and in optimal conditions to be able to guarantee their development and participation in society.

-Right of access to health and timely medical care.

-Right to participate in the cultural and artistic life of their environment.

-Right to be protected against any form of economic exploitation.

-Right to social security.

-Right to live in optimal conditions to be able to develop their potential in the physical, mental, moral and spiritual fields.

– Right to free education , accessible in secondary studies and at the higher level if you meet the requested academic requirements. Education should be free and compulsory at least in the elementary stages. The child must be provided with an education that favors his general culture and allows him, under conditions of equal opportunities, to develop his skills and individual judgment, his sense of moral and social responsibility, and achieve being a useful individual in society. .

-Right to express themselves in their language and to practice their religion.

-Right to the right to rest and recreation.

-Right to receive legal assistance in case you are deprived of your liberty.

Although all children have these rights, they are not fulfilled in all cases. There are very worrying data on the number of child deaths due to malnutrition and large numbers of children forced to work. Every year thousands of children suffer from family violence, and just by watching the daily news we can recognize how their rights are being violated.

In a world where the rights of the little ones are not respected, it is very difficult to move forward and progress. As parents, educators and as a society it is our duty to fight for the fulfillment of children’s rights. It is for this reason that we must not only protect them but also teach them what their rights are and how to defend them.

Children’s obligations

Every right carries a responsibility , for this reason, as children have rights, they must also comply with their obligations. Based on this, in the Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities, promulgated in 1998, the following responsibilities or obligations were established for children:

-Obligation or responsibility to respect each other. No matter your age, nationality, religion or race, nothing should prevent this.

-Obligation not to apply physical or mental abuse to another boy, girl, partner. This involves harassment, teasing, bulling.

-Obligation to collaborate with other children who are at a disadvantage, so that everyone can enjoy their rights.

-Responsibility and obligation to care for the environment. In this way, they can grow in an environment appropriate for their development.

-Obligation to learn the knowledge that is taught in school, always respecting the capacities of each child and sharing their knowledge with other children.

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