Rights and obligations of children

Children’s rights are all legal provisions created to protect the freedoms of minors.

The obligations of children are a series of responsibilities that they must fulfill to establish the foundations of a healthy coexistence with their peers, with their family and their community.

The rights and obligations of children are taken from the Convention on the Rights of the Child, approved by the United Nations in 1989 and from the Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities, proclaimed in 1998 under the auspices of UNESCO in commemoration of the 50 years of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Children’s rightsObligations of the boys and girls
DefinitionThey are commitments made by the States to guarantee the protection of children in multiple areas: identity, health, education, legal protection, etc.They are the responsibilities that every boy and girl acquires with their peers, family and community.
Legal instruments
  • Children’s rights convention.
  • The constitution of each country.
  • General laws for the rights of children and adolescents.
Examples
  • Right to identity.
  • Right to parental care.
  • Right to be protected by law.
  • Right to be in contact with both parents in case of separation.
  • Avoid mistreating other children.
  • Promote respect for all children without discrimination.
  • Take care of the environment.
  • Fulfill their academic duties.

Children’s rights

The Convention on the Rights of the Child recognizes infants as political, economic, civil, cultural and social agents, and establishes a series of commitments that States must assume to guarantee the protection of children in multiple areas.

As established in this Convention, any person under 18 years of age is recognized as a boy or girl, and by virtue of this, the following rights will be guaranteed:

  1. Every child has the right to life .
  2. Boys and girls have the right to identity , and this will be expressed with the registration of the infant before the competent bodies in each country, where their name and nationality will be registered.
  3. Every infant has the right to know and be cared for by his parents .
  4. Children have the right to participate in the corresponding legal proceedings in the event of being separated from their parents (due to abuse or separation, for example),
  5. Every child has the right to have contact with one or both parents in the event of separation , unless such contact is not beneficial.
  6. Every boy, girl and their parents have the right to free movement in the States that make up the United Nations (UN). This right will only be restricted in the cases that are clearly stipulated in the legislation of each State.
  7. Children have the right to freedom of expression , and therefore can receive, disseminate and search for information in multiple formats (print, digital, oral or artistic). This right may be restricted in the cases provided by law, such as maintaining public order and / or to respect the right of third parties to protect their reputation.
  8. Infants have the right to freedom of thought , conscience and religion.
  9. Boys and girls have the right to associate freely and to assemble peacefully.
  10. Every child has the right to be protected by law against any interference in his private or family life or that affects his reputation.
  11. Those boys and girls who have been separated from their parents or relatives in pursuit of their well-being have the right to have assistance and protection from the State.
  12. All infants with refugee status must be protected and assisted so that they can access their rights.
  13. Girls and girls with disabilities or physical or mental conditions have the right to enjoy a satisfactory life and in optimal conditions that guarantee their development and participation in society.
  14. Every infant has the right to access health . The State must guarantee the mechanisms that allow them to receive timely medical attention.
  15. All children have the right to social security .
  16. Boys and girls have the right to live in optimal living conditions that allow them to develop their potential in the physical, mental, moral and spiritual spheres.
  17. Every infant has the right to free education at the primary level, accessible in secondary studies and at the higher level if they meet the rigorous academic requirements.
  18. Every child belonging to a minority social or ethnic group has the right to express himself in his own language and to practice his own religion.
  19. Any boy and girl has the right to rest and recreation.
  20. Infants have the right to participate in the cultural and artistic life of their environment.
  21. Children have the right to be protected against any form of economic exploitation.
  22. Every child has the right to receive legal assistance if he is deprived of his liberty.

See also:

Obligations of the boys and girls

It is understood that if girls and boys are people with rights, they also have obligations. By virtue of this, in the Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities, published in 1998, the following responsibilities were established:

  1. Children have the responsibility to respect each other , without race, age, nationality or religion being an impediment to this.
  2. No infant should apply physical abuse to another , or any other form of harm (teasing, bullying, etc.).
  3. Every child has the obligation to help other children in a disadvantaged situation so that they can fully enjoy their rights.
  4. Children have the responsibility to take care of the environment . In this way they will be able to fully enjoy their right to grow up in an environment appropriate for their development.
  5. Every child has the responsibility to learn the knowledge that is instilled in school, always to the best of their abilities, and trying to share what they know with other children.

See also: Rights and obligations of citizens .

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