Psychologist and psychiatrist

The psychologist is the professional dedicated to studying and understanding human behavior. The psychiatrist is a doctor who specializes in mental illness. Both professionals can complement their activities for the benefit of the patient in health service centers.

In the middle of the 20th century, the first psychologists emerged as university professionals. They can be used in a wide range of fields, from research, assistance, recruitment, among others.

Psychiatrists have long been known. They were initially the doctors who treated the mentally ill, people who were classified as witches or possessed by evil forces. Fortunately today, the idea of ​​mental illness is better understood and the role of the psychiatrist is no longer seen as that of “a shrink.”

Drug treatmentNoAnd
Study objectiveThe behavior of individualsMental disorders
Academic pathBachelor and University Degrees in PsychologyMedicine, followed by specialization in psychiatry
Postgraduate or specializations
  • Organizational Psychology
  • Clinical psychology
  • Sports psychology
Doctorates related to neurosciences
Intervention methodClinical psychologists provide psychological / behavioral interventions for those experiencing psychological disorders, including anxiety, depression, anger, addictions, post-traumatic stress, hyperactivity and attention deficit, family problemsAdministration of somatic therapies, such as electro-convulsive therapy, and psychotropic medications.
FocusThe psychologist helps his patient through emotional support in:

  • seek healthy alternative ways of thinking and living
  • Implement positive habits
  • improve and enjoy your relationships
Treatment of mental illnesses resulting from physical problems (genetic or acquired) through drugs or more invasive medical therapies

What is a psychologist?

The psychologist is the professional in charge of the study of mental processes. Although psychologists are not medical doctors, they provide important services in the area of ​​health.

There are three main types of psychologists:

  1. Experimental psychologists : they spend most of their time conducting scientific research and are framed in the academic field.
  2. Applied Psychologists : directly apply scientific findings and psychological theories to day-to-day problems and needs. Applied psychologists work in a wide variety of settings, such as business, government, education, and sports.
  3. Clinical psychologists : study, diagnose, and treat people with psychological problems.

What do psychologists do and where?

Some psychologists conduct basic and applied research. As scientists, psychologists follow the scientific method, through objective observation, experimentation, and analysis. They can also serve as consultants in communities, businesses, and organizations.

They can also teach classes and teach future psychologists, other professionals and students in schools, colleges and universities. Other psychologists diagnose and treat patients in private consultations or healthcare centers.

They also study what makes people more productive, motivated, and satisfied with their jobs. In this sense, they can design programs to recruit, select, employ and train the employees of a company or company.

Psychologist day

The day of the psychologist is celebrated on different dates depending on the country:

  • In Mexico: May 20.
  • In Peru: April 30.
  • In Chile: December 9.
  • In Venezuela: November 22.
  • In Colombia: November 20.
  • In the Dominican Republic: April 6.
  • The international day of the psychologist is celebrated on October 13.

What is a psychiatrist?

The psychiatrist is the medical professional who is responsible for the treatment of mental illnesses. This means that to be a psychiatrist you must first study medicine and then specialize in psychiatry.

The psychiatrist evaluates, diagnoses and treats different psychiatric disorders, with the aim of recovering, preventing or improving the quality of life of the affected person and their families. For this, then, they can prescribe medications or perform invasive procedures or surgeries like any other doctor.

What do psychiatrists do and where?

Apart from knowledge about anatomy, physiology, and pathology and expertise in medical practice, a good psychiatrist must know:

  1. Obtain clinical data objectively and accurately, based on your knowledge of clinical phenomena, and
  2. organize and communicate data in a systematic and balanced way, drawing on your knowledge of human nature and past experience to get to know the patient you are treating at the moment.

Psychiatrists can diagnose mental disorders using laboratory tests. They can also exercise their functions in public or private health. The work of the psychiatrist is generally associated with psychiatric institutes or sanatoriums, but they are also part of the staff of addiction rehabilitation centers.

Referral to the psychiatrist

Other health professionals may refer their patients to the psychiatrist when the symptoms or behaviors of the person are very altered, such as:

  • Depressed patients to determine the cause and whether the patient requires medication or more structured psychotherapy.
  • Patients who do not communicate or do not speak about their illness.
  • Uncooperative patients, who do not accept the social restrictions imposed by their illness, who do not make appropriate plans or who do not make the necessary decisions.
  • Long-term problems that get worse and that are related to personality or family conflicts.

Day of the psychiatrist

On March 31, the day of the psychiatrist is celebrated in Mexico. In Argentina, November 22 was established as the day of the psychiatrist.

See also Psychology and psychiatry

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