Primary colors and secondary colors

The primary and secondary colors are part of the color wheel. The primary colors are red, blue and yellow, while the secondary colors are formed from the combination of these and are green, orange and purple. All colors that are seen and that are captured by the human being through the amount of color receptors found in our eyes.

The colors are a visual perception that arises in the brain. In reality these colors do not exist in the physical world, the color is produced in the human brain.

 Primary colors
 Secondary colours
 How they are formed They are primary, they cannot be formed with others They are formed from the mixture of 2 primary colors
 Colors Red, yellow and blue Green, purple and orange

What are primary colors:

The primary colors are those that cannot be obtained with the combination of others, hence the name primary. They are the color red, yellow and blue. They are considered absolute, unique and singular colors.
With the combination of the primary colors between if the secondary colors are obtained . And combining primary and secondary tertiary arises. All of these colors make up the chromatic circle or color wheel.

What are secondary colors:

The secondary colors are obtained by mixing equal parts of two primary colors. And they are green, orange and purple that are obtained from the following mixture:

Green: Mixing yellow and blue.
Orange: Mixing yellow with red.
Violet: Mixing red with blue.

Color properties

There are three color properties:
* Hue
* Value
* Saturation

How do we perceive colors?

The brain is the one in charge of interpreting visual information. Through the phenomenon of visual perception, the light rays arrive in wave form to the retina, this transmits signals through the optic nerve to the brain.

What are tertiary colors

Tertiary colors are those that result from mixing a primary color with a secondary color.

What are quaternary colors

Quaternary colors are the product of the mixture of two tertiary colors.

What are warm and cold colors

The colors give sensations of warmth or coldness. Among the warm colors we consider those that are included in the chromatic circle between white, yellow, orange and red. The cool colors on the color wheel range from purple, blue, green.

What are analogous colors

They are the colors that are neighboring in the chromatic circle. For example, the analogous colors of orange are red and yellow.

What are complementary colors

They are the colors that are opposite in the chromatic circle. For example: Green red, yellow and purple, blue and yellow.

What are considered achromatic colors

Black, white, and gray are considered achromatic colors because they have no color.

What is a tonal value

The tonal value is the amount of light that a surface can reflect, the extremes are black and white.

What is an Itten color wheel

The chromatic circle of Itten is the first, true and exhaustive classification of colors divided into primary, secondary and tertiary.

In the center there is a triangle within which are red, yellow and blue (the so-called primary or fundamental colors).

By mixing these three colors, you get a green, orange and violet color (called secondary) to which Itten assigns three triangles built on the sides of the core triangle, thus creating a hexagon.

Finally there is the third level, the real circle that represents the 12 colors (primary, secondary and tertiary) obtained by mixing the tones that the disc contains.

The graphical representation is, therefore, the simplest and fastest tool to identify the relationships between colors, shades and pairs of complementary colors, capable of mutually enhancing each other. For the latter it is enough to join one color and the one on the opposite side.

What is a chromatic scale

Chromatic scale is called the graduated variation of the luminosity, hue or saturation of a color. A color scale is obtained by mixing pure colors with black and white, changing their brightness, hue and saturation

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