Myth and legend

The term myth comes from the Greek mythos, which means word, speech, history. The myth is a fantastic narrative covered with the sacred, which describes the origin of cultures, peoples, phenomena, existing realities and the world itself, and also tells its current characteristics. While the legends for the meaning of the term in Latin means “things to be read . 

In this article we address the differences between myth and reading . 

Myth
Legend
  WeatherNarrated outside the time of the Ahistorical man.Narrated within the time of man and his history.
  StageGeography is unknown since it predates man.The scenario is described.
  CharactersGods, mystical and unknown or fantastic races.Gods, legendary beings
  PurposeReligious and sacred. Related to the Universe and explains the worldview of a people.Religious, heroic and entertaining. Explain the origin of plants, characteristics of animals, etc.

What is a myth:

Some peculiarities identify a story as a myth : the protagonists are usually gods, heroes, divine or anthropomorphic beings who act by performing extraordinary actions, outside of time and space; as in the fairy tale, even in the myth there is temporal indeterminacy: it often begins with “Originally …”, “When time did not exist …”, “A long time ago …”.

The stories told have generally occurred in the remote past, in primordial times, in an era that precedes the story transmitted through writing. The sacredness of the myth consists in the fact that the narrative is attributed a religious meaning, thus becoming an integral part of the religious sphere of a people or a culture.

Examples of myths

* The myth of Atlantis.
* The myth of Dracula
* The myth of the Tower of Babel
* The myth of Atlantis
* The myth of Isis, Osisris and Horus (death and resurrection).

Closely related to the myth is the rite, which is a set of actions that are performed according to the established rules, because through a ritual, the religious elements of the myth become real and tangible, becoming the means to unify the people who participate.

In the myth , the mysteries on which men are questioned are revealed, such as the origin of the universe, human beings, stars and planets, plants and animals; myth becomes the way to explain reality, to reveal the laws of nature, of life and death, of good and evil.

Transmitted orally and only later transcribed, myths, like fairy tales, claim to convey principles to listeners through speech. The term mythology refers to the set of myths of a people, but also to the studies of the myth itself.

What is a legend:

The term legend comes from the Latin legenda, which means “things to be read.” Formerly, it corresponded to the story of the life of a saint or his miracles, to be read especially on the occasion of his party. Later, the word legend took the meaning of a narrative in which both real historical elements and fantastic elements are present.

The legendIt is, therefore, an old story or narrative that deals with a religious or heroic theme, in which historical events that really happened in defined places and times are told, to which fantastic elements were added; Explain the actual events in a fantastic way. Legends are part of the cultural heritage of a people and their transmission is mainly oral. They never contain just made-up facts, but real facts transformed by imagination, told to explain real events, to celebrate famous people, or to answer human questions about nature or historical events. The popular legend never has a single author, since it evolves thanks to the contribution of more people who, with the passage of time, transform the original story into an increasingly fantastic one,

Legend examples

* The Legend of Santa Claus or the Irish Jack-o-lantern.
* The Legend of King Arthur
* The Legend of Tristan and Isolde

What are urban legends:

There are also urban legends or also called metropolitan , which are strange and curious stories told by people and transmitted by word of mouth. They refer to events reported as actually occurring but without precise indications of the place, the name of the protagonist or the day they occurred. Over time, urban legends take on more and more fantasy and invented aspects.

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