Mattress measurements: single, double, queen, king, presidential and california

Beyond personal preferences, there are a number of factors to consider before choosing a mattress size. You will need to think about the size of your bedroom, who you will share your bed with, and the space available. In this guide, we’ll illustrate the dimensions of the seven standard mattress sizes to help you choose the one that best meets your needs. We also answer some frequently asked questions about the materials that compose them.

MattressesMeasures
Twin mattress (single / single)90 × 190 cm. About 90 × 200 cm
Twin XL mattress (square and a half)105 × 190 cm by 105 × 200 cm
Matrimonial Mattress135 × 190 cm by 135 × 200 cm
Queen mattress150 × 190 cm by 150 × 200 cm
King mattress180 × 190 cm, 180 × 200 cm and 180 × 210 cm
Presidential Mattress200 x 200 cm, 200 x 210 cm o 200 x 220 cm
Colchón California King213 x 183 cm

Mattress measurements

Colchón Twin (individual)

Measurements: 90 × 190 cm O 90 × 200 cm

Twin mattresses are the smallest standard size. They generally measure 90 x 190 and are designed for people who sleep alone. These work great for kids rooms, bunk beds, small bedrooms, and guest rooms.

Twin XL mattress (square and a half)

Measurements: 105 × 190 cm or 105 × 200 cm

The Twin XL mattress is ideal for tall people who need more legroom. It measures approximately 105 x 190, making it slightly wider than a standard twin, and 5 inches longer. These mattresses fit well in small spaces while offering more room to stretch out than standard twins.

Matrimonial Mattress

Measurements: 135 × 190 cm or 135 × 200 cm

A double mattress is 54 inches wide and 75 inches long (approximately 135 cm x 200 cm). Also known as double beds, double mattresses are best for singles or couples who have small rooms. They are 5 inches shorter and 6 inches narrower compared to a queen-size mattress. These are mostly used by single adults or students living in studio apartments or small bedrooms. If there are two people in the same bed, it is better to opt for a Queen or King size mattress, but the double is not an option to rule out.

Queen mattress

Measurements: 150 × 190 cm or 150 × 200 cm

Queen size mattresses are the most purchased of all sizes. They measure 60 ″ X 80 ″ and offer a comfortable size for couples, as well as a reasonable size that fits well in almost any bedroom. The Queen size mattress, being a top seller and due to its popularity, has the added benefit of a large selection of styles when it comes to bedding sets, bedroom furniture and bed accessories.

King mattress

Measurements:  180 × 190 cm, 180 × 200 cm or 180 × 210 cm

King Size mattresses are ideal for couples looking for luxurious comforts, more space to sleep or space to share with children and pets. King size mattresses measure 76 ″ X 80 ″ and are the largest mattress size based on standard manufacturing. It is recommended to measure the floor space of the room before purchasing a king bed to ensure it will fit comfortably.

Presidential Mattress

Medidas: 200 x 200 cm, 200 x 210 cm o 200 x 220 cm

The presidential mattress is an ideal option for tall people looking for an intermediate size between the King and the California King. Spacious rooms are required for its placement, but it will provide you with the most pleasant sleep you have ever had.

Colchón California King

Measurements: 213 x 183 cm

California King mattresses are ideal for tall people who need extra length to keep their feet from hanging off the bed. These are in turn ideal for individuals and couples due to their narrower dimensions. With a California King bed, you get an extra 4 ″ in length and lose 4 ″ in width compared to a standard King bed. This size difference helps the California King fit better in smaller spaces than a standard King, while helping taller people get a more restful sleep.

Mattress types

Spring mattresses

The “traditional” mattress is designed with steel springs . In the past, these coils were all interconnected in a long continuous way, but most models built today use individually wrapped springs to reduce noise and transfer of motion, as well as to strengthen the overall system.

Mattress springs vary in gauge thickness (12 to 18) and quantity (500 to over 2,000), which influences the price. There are also different materials that are used to cover them, including: canvas, cotton, organic cotton or wool, among other textiles. Buyers like these mattresses because they are very affordable, vary widely from ultra-firm to super-luxurious, and allow good airflow for a cooler night’s rest.

Memory foam mattresses

Memory foam is made from polyurethane foam , a material first made in the 1950s by mixing water with halocarbons or hydrocarbons. Depending on the chemicals added, the mixture could be processed into everything from auto parts to spray coatings to sleeping surfaces. Today’s memory foam mattresses are often made from polyol mixed with water and a chemical compound called diisocyanate .

You can imagine that the solution rises like bread, with the opening of the cellular structure based on the application of chemicals to allow more or less air flow, creating more or less hardness. These mattresses vary based on firmness (1 to 14 pounds of indentation force reflection), density (three to eight pounds per cubic foot), and thickness (1 to 13 inches). Consumers choose memory foam for the comfort of the mattress padding and the way it “hugs” the body to reduce pressure points.

Latex mattresses

Natural latex mattresses are made from natural rubber derived from the milk of the Radium Natural Talalay or Hevea-Brasiliensis tree . Synthetic or mixed latex mattresses are made from a blend of natural rubber mixed with butadiene or styrene , by-products of petroleum refining commonly used in industrial manufacturing.

Latex mattresses vary in construction material, and vary in price depending on whether it is 100% natural organic or with synthetic blends. They also vary in firmness (measured at the 4-8 indentation load deflection standard) and thickness (3 to 20 inches). There is a lot of versatility in these mattresses, with the ability to add or remove custom layers from individual zones within the bed for a truly personalized sleep experience.

Like memory foam, latex fans love the ‘hug’ of the latex mattress as it conforms to their bodies and relieves all aches and pains. They also like that the layers can be customized for two different sleepers within the same bed. Natural latex appeals to environmentally conscious consumers looking for the healthiest sleeping surface.

Hybrid mattresses

You will see that many mattresses today come with conventional internal spring support structures, combined with memory foam or latex top layers for comfort.

Hybrid mattresses vary in thickness (from 1 to 2 inches of foam and up to 17 inches in total thickness). Firmness levels range from firm to smooth. As with any internal spring mattress, coil type, thickness, and gauge also vary. Hybrids provide excellent back pain relief and are somewhat body-conforming, but the sleeper feels as though they are still sleeping “on top” of the bed, rather than “in” it, which some people prefer. Motion isolation, noise levels, and maintenance are low for this type of mattress.

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