Language and language

The language is the grammatical and lexical system through which members of a community communicate with each other. For example: Italian, French, English
The language is typical of the human species ability to communicate through a system of vocal signs.

There is a difference between language and language: the former, in fact, reflects man’s own abilities that allow him to develop a verbal or non-verbal communication system (verbal, gestural language, etc.); The second, on the contrary, is the actual way in which this communication system is adopted by a specific community.

 Tongue
 Language
 Definition Typical ability of the human species to communicate through vocal signs.It is the grammatical and lexical system through which the members of a community communicate with each other.
 Idiom It is the language itself. It is the use of the language
 Examples It is the language with which people communicate, for example Spanish, French, English It is the way to communicate with other people (written language, gestures, etc.)

 Language – Language

Definition:   Typical ability of the human species to communicate through vocal signs. It is the grammatical and lexical system through which the members of a community communicate with each other.
 Language: It is the language itself. It is the use of the language
Examples: It is the language with which people communicate, for example Spanish, French, English It is the way of communicating with other people (written language, gestures, etc.)

Before coming to a language, men communicated in the same way and this happened through other communication systems, for example, in prehistory to deal with others gestures or even pictographic writing were used.

What is language:

The language is a particular, historically determined, verbal language used by a group of people for the purpose of communication.

What does it mean to say that language is “historically determined “? It means that although the faculty (or rather the faculties) of language are peculiar to all human beings, at least from the appearance of homo sapiens onwards, languages ​​change throughout history. More precisely, historical events condition languages, stimulate or hinder their development, define boundaries that are not always clear between languages, passages from dialect to language, the state of the language and its own phenomena.

Some example? Serbian and Croatian were considered as a single language, Serbo-Croatian, until the war in Yugoslavia (1991-1995); Since the end of the war, the two languages ​​are considered distinct and separate and the differences between the two languages ​​(previously considered local peculiarities) are becoming more and more pronounced.

Furthermore, the language is always “used by a group of people.” This definition emphasizes the social aspect of language. While the faculty of language (for example, the ability to give names to things) belongs to the human being as an individual, language, historically determined, as we have said before, is always shared by a more or less defined group of people.

Often times, groups that use (or are at least able to use) a language tend to identify with it. The language with which a group identifies itself is considered by this group as a unit to itself, a “whole”, even if a language is never a monolithic, closed system in itself. For example, when we say that Italians (understood as a group) speak Italian, we neglect the secular debates about the so-called ‘language question’ and all the varieties of the Italian language still present in the area, focusing only on Italian in the present and highlighting its totality and unity.

The language s, in fact, are distinguished by the characteristics listed above and it is precisely this uniqueness that guarantees them a certain way of expression carries with it an individual from childhood to older age. These languages ​​are born, they change with the use we make of them, some disappear (Latin), others hybridize (such as Spanglish), others tend to change over time, but all represent an inheritance without equal.

What is language:

The language is a sign system used for communication. Of all the languages, verbal language is perhaps the best known and most famous, but there are others: programming languages ​​(used by computer scientists), the language of music, body language, the language of the deaf-mute, language of clothes. There are also non-human languages: bees and dolphins have, for example, very complex languages.

All languages have their own meaning: the ability to represent simple or complex concepts, using the signs of the system, from the names of everyday things to philosophical reasoning.

It should also be noted that the terminological distinction between “language” and “language” exists only in some languages, while in others, such as Slovenian, the two concepts are given the same term: jezik. Language can be human or animal. , it can be verbal or not.

The terms “language” and “language”Although they may seem synonymous, in reality they are not at all. Both terms are something so old that even myths exist in the holy book of the Bible: in Genesis (cf. Genesis 11, 1-9), in fact, it speaks of the construction of the mythical Tower of Babel on the Euphrates River. in Mesopotamia, by men who all spoke the same language and wanted to be physically closer to God, not to fill his desire to be close to Divine Providence, but to take him away from his majestic throne and take possession of him. However, he prevented them from doing so, creating a purely linguistic disorder in such a way that none of them could collude against him anymore. This is how different languages ​​and languages ​​were born. Beyond this story, which for some (the faithful) may seem true and for the eyes of others (the skeptics) no,

Language types

There are three types of language:
* Oral: It is the most common way of communicating.
* Mimic: Most primitive way of language.
* Written: Representation of language through graphic signs.

linguistic sign

Today, millions of years later, we can speak of the presence not only of gestures and / or drawings, prints, web graphics, but also of a multiculturalism that can be seen both in real and virtual spaces, and that belongs precisely to languages ​​and its diversity. However, the languages, although they are different for the linguistic family, the phonemes and the morphemes, have in common the linguistic sign. Each word is a sign, that is, a reality that has in itself a meaning that allows us to distinguish it from the others without conditioning. A set of signs is a code. To give a concrete example: if the word “dice” is pronounced, the signifier will be the form of sound that is pronounced, as well as the graphic form (as it happens when it is written); the meaning, on the other hand,

In addition, you can also differentiate between:

* Signs linguistic s: which are the subject of linguistics.
* Non-linguistic signs: which are the object of semiology (or semiotics).

It is from this base that a word and a language can be studied linguistically, which obviously deepens the phonological, morphological, syntactic and semantic characteristics of any type of language that is spoken.

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