Ello, me and superego

It, I and superego are instances that form the human psyche , according to the personality theory, developed by Sigmund Freud in his studies on psychoanalysis.

The id is the innate component of individuals , people are born with it. It consists of the desires, wills and instincts mainly originated by pleasure. From this, the other parts that make up the human personality develop: I and superego.

The self arises from the interaction of the human being with his reality , adapting his primitive instincts (the id) with the environment in which he lives. The ego is the mechanism responsible for the balance of the psyche, seeking to regulate the impulses of the id, at the same time that it tries to satisfy them in a less immediate and more realistic way. Thanks to the self, the person manages to maintain the sanity of his personality. The self begins to develop already in the first years of the individual’s life.

The superego develops from the self and consists of the representation of the moral and cultural ideals and values of the individual. The superego acts as a “counselor” for the ego, alerting it to what is or is not morally accepted, according to the principles that were absorbed by the person throughout his life.

According to Freud, the superego begins to develop from the fifth year of life. It is here when contact with society begins to intensify, through school, for example. At this time, social relationships become better interpreted by the person.

In sum, these three components of personality formation — it, self, and superego — are the representations of impulsivity, rationality, and morality, respectively.

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