Inorganic and recyclable organic waste

Carrying out different human activities on the planet inevitably causes a large amount of organic and inorganic waste , of which part is recyclable  and part is not. Read on to learn more and learn the difference between these concepts.

Organic trash

Inorganic trash

DefinitionOrganic waste includes elements that contain carbon and (generally) hydrogen at the molecular level (hydrocarbons); as well as nitrogen and oxygen. Materials in organic waste were (generally) alive at one time; they come from a biological process. Examples: dead plants, food (meat, fish, vegetables) and wood.Inorganic wastes are those that do not contain carbon, such as metals, ceramics, glass and bricks. The key identifier is the lack of carbon. However, some inorganic waste materials can come from life, such as seashells that are made of calcium carbonate that does not contain carbon (well, maybe a little bit).
What can be done with themOrganic waste can be used to compost. Simply put, it’s what you get when food scraps, leaves, and animal products decompose properly. It is a nutrient-rich, dirt-like material that can be used to enrich the soil and nurture growth.Inorganic garbage can be recycled. Such is the case of glass, metals and some plastics, which can be processed and then reused.
ExamplesFood scraps, papers, cardboard, banana peels, etc.Aluminum cans, cellophane, plastic spoons, yogurt pots, plastic soda bottles, glasses, etc.

Difference between organic, inorganic and recyclable garbage

Definition of organic waste

Organic waste is items that are considered obsolete and are disposed of by the owner / user without knowing that they can be reused if properly managed. Trash that can weather (decompose) and shrink to a smaller, odorless size is often called compost . The compost is the result of weathering of organic materials such as leaves, straw, weeds, trash, grass and other similar materials accelerated by human intervention. Waste from cities is generally very diverse, but at least 75% is made up of organic and inorganic waste.

Types of organic waste

Organic waste derived from living beings, whether human, animal or plant, was divided into:

  • Wet organic waste. The term means that such organic waste has a high water content. For example, the peels of fruits and vegetables.
  • Dry organic waste. The term means that such organic waste has a low water content. For example, waste paper, wood, or dry twigs and leaves.

Impact of organic waste

A. Impact on health

Potential health hazards that can be caused are as follows:

  • Diarrhea, cholera, and typhoid fever can spread quickly due to a virus that comes from improper handling of waste that mixes with water.
  • Dengue fever (hemorrhagic fever) can also increase rapidly in areas that lack proper waste management.
  • It can cause the spread of fungi (for example, skin fungus).
  • Diseases that can spread through the food chain. An example is the Taenia, this worm previously enters animals through the digestion of food waste.
  • Toxic waste: It has been reported that in Japan approximately 40,000 people die from eating fish contaminated with mercury (Hg). This comes from waste dumped into the sea by battery and accumulator factories.

B. Impact on the environment

The seepage of liquid waste into drains or rivers pollutes the water . A variety of organisms, including fish, can die, and it can even cause several species to be lost, resulting in changes in biological aquatic ecosystems .

The decomposition of the waste discharged into the water will produce organic acids and gaseous-organic liquids, such as methane. In addition to a terrible smell, high concentrations of this gas can create explosions.

C. Principles on the treatment of organic waste

These are principles known as the 4Rs and can be applied to treat organic waste:

  • Reduce as much as possible to minimize the goods or materials we use. The more we use the material, the more waste will be generated.
  • Reuse where possible, choose items that can be reused. Avoid things that are disposable.
  • Recycle whenever possible. Items that are no longer useful can be turned into something else. There are many industries that use waste in other products.
  • Get it back. Examine the products you use every day. Replace items that can only be used once with more durable products.

Definition of inorganic garbage

Inorganic wastes are those that consist of materials that are difficult to biodegrade, so their destruction takes a long time. Inorganic waste comes from non-renewable natural resources such as minerals and oil, or from industrial processes . Some of this material is not found in nature, such as plastic and aluminum. Some inorganic substances as a whole cannot be explained by nature, while others can only be described in a very long time. This type of waste is seen at the domestic level, for example in the form of plastic bottles, plastic bags and cans.

Types of inorganic waste

Examples of inorganic waste are: metal parts / plates, various types of stones, glass shards, bones, cans, bottles and even paper, and others.

Impact of inorganic waste

  • Health: Waste can be a breeding ground for flies and other insects and animals that can cause disease, such as rats
  • Environmental degradation / decrease in environmental aesthetics: Smelly, dirty and garbage-filled waste would make the environment not beautiful to look at
  • Inhibition of the country’s development: With the decline in the quality and aesthetics of the environment, visitors or tourists will be reluctant to visit the area because it will be uncomfortable for them, and in turn they will be less attractive. As a result, the number of tourist arrivals will decrease.

How to get inorganic waste

Inorganic waste cannot be degraded naturally . With creativity, these wastes can be recycled for a variety of needs. There are some wastes that can be used:

Waste paper : Waste paper can be collected in a special sector separating it from other waste. This can be used to make different types of crafts, such as recycled paper masks, statues, and toys. The sales value of recycled paper is much higher than the waste of plain paper. It can be sold to artisans as craft supplies, or used by yourself to create your own works of art.

Trash cans : Many cans are used for daily necessities, even though mineral resources can take hundreds or even thousands of years to recover. Therefore, it would be wise to participate in the world of recycling. 100% steel cans can be recycled as their life cycle will never end.

Recycling of organic and inorganic waste

If you’re an avid user of both social media and television, you’ve probably heard of the much-hyped campaign to save mother nature from global warming . Most importantly, the campaign recommends that we use modern and ecological techniques when handling waste to minimize the level of contamination.

Ways to recycle organic waste

Biogas production

The biogas production process is carried out in biodigesters using anaerobic respiration . The method may involve the digestion of plant, human and animal wastes.

Benefits of biogas production

  • The slurry resulting from decomposition is used as a fertilizer.
  • The methane produced in the process is used as fuel.
  • Eliminates disease-causing pathogens


This is done in a large heap, consisting mainly of plant and animal remains. In such a configuration, the main organisms responsible for decomposition are fungi and bacteria .

Compost benefits

  • Compost can be applied as a fertilizer in gardens
  • Save landfill space and avoid soil contamination.
  • Improves soil conditions

How to recycle inorganic waste

Inorganic waste presents a significant challenge for the environment:

  • Concrete, for example, must be properly disposed of in a sustainable way through a service or recycling center that accepts it.
  • Other inorganic waste such as glass, fiberglass, plastics, tires and aluminum parts, can be returned to their respective production factories, where they can be transformed into new products.

The need to clean the environment by reducing waste cannot be overlooked. With the methods mentioned above, we can make great strides toward realizing the dream of a waste-free environment . Proper management of organic and inorganic waste is in fact the first step towards a sustainable and litter-free environment .

We understand that recycling inorganic waste and all types of waste can be challenging. That is why we are here to help you dispose of your garbage and recycle it in a sustainable way in order to protect our environment.

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