Fruit and vegetable

fruit is the fruit, the fruit, the seed or the fleshy parts of the flower organs of a plant that have reached an adequate degree of maturity. A vegetable is a group of vegetables in which the edible part is the green organs, leaves, stems or inflorescences and the unripe fruits and seeds of legumes.

DefinitionAny fruit, fruitiness, seed or fleshy parts of the flowers of plants that are edible.Green edible part of vegetables.
PurposeDesserts, juices, sweets.Accompaniment of meats, salads, soups.
ColorAssorted: red, yellow, orange, green.Green and white
present pigmentsCarotenos, xantofilas, flavonoides, anthocyanins.Chlorophyll mainly.
Nutritional valueVitamins





Minerals: calcium, iron



Consumption modePreferably raw.Raw and cooked.
Ripening stageLate, better when they have already matured.Early, better before ripening.
OriginShrubs and trees.Annual or biannual plants.
ExamplesAvocado, mango, orange, pear, grapes, watermelon.Asparagus, lettuce, chard, broccoli, green beans, spinach.

What is a fruit?

A fruit is any fruit, fruit, seed or fleshy parts of the flowers of a plant, with a degree of maturity sufficient for human consumption. The fruit is the ovary of the flower of a plant and is an adaptation to protect and distribute the seeds. The infructescences are formed by a set of simple seeds, such as blackberries and raspberries.

Fruits are generally eaten raw, as when ripe they are much easier to digest. Additionally, they can be juiced or cooked to make jams and sweets.

Fruit characteristics

  • They have varied and striking colors to attract the animals that are going to consume it and thus disperse the seeds.
  • Its best point of consumption is when they are ripe.
  • They have specific ripening seasons, for example mangoes in summer and chestnuts in autumn.
  • They have a great nutritional value: vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins and antioxidants.
  • They come from bushes and trees that last longer.

Types of fruits and examples

  • Fleshy fruits : are those whose edible part is composed of a minimum of 50% water, such as grapes, apples, watermelon, tomato and avocado.
  • Dried fruits : the edible part is less than 50% water, such as walnuts, hazelnuts, chestnuts and almonds.
  • Compound fruits : they are made up of many ovaries, such as pineapple and raspberries.
  • Oilseed fruits : are those fruits used to obtain oils for human consumption, such as olives, peanuts or peanuts, coconut, sunflower and sesame or sesame.

What is a vegetable?

The green edible parts of vegetables are designated as a vegetable. Most vegetables have a season of higher production, although vegetables can be grown in greenhouses throughout the year.

In general, vegetables are consumed in early stages of development, when they have not yet reached maturity , for example green beans and bean pods can be eaten as vegetables while they have not ripened.

Characteristics of vegetables

  • They are mostly green, although we can get lettuce and purple cabbages and white aubergines.
  • They are consumed when they are green, that is, when they have not reached their maximum point of maturity.
  • They are grown at different times of the year, although they can be kept in greenhouses throughout the year.
  • Vegetables generally come from annuals or biannuals.

Types of vegetables and examples

  • Leaves : chard, cabbage, spinach. lettuce.
  • Inflorescence : cauliflower, broccoli, capers, artichokes.
  • Shoots and stems : asparagus, celery, fennel.
  • Legume fruits and seeds : broad beans, peas, beans, beans, corn.
  • Fruits : pumpkin, zucchini, cucumber, chayote, pepper.

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