Explicit, implicit, semantic and embedded knowledge

Knowledge is the fact or condition of knowing something with familiarity acquired through experience or association. In practice, however, there are many possible definitions of knowledge. Understanding knowledge requires some understanding of your relationship to information. In everyday language, it has long been practiced to distinguish between information, which is data organized in meaningful patterns, and knowledge, which has historically been regarded as believed, true, and reliable. Today in this blog we want to tell you information about knowledge and we want to establish the differences that exist between explicit, implicit, semantic and incorporated knowledge. So it is a good idea that you continue enjoying this great blog and all the useful information that we give you here.

Explicit knowledgeImplicit knowledgeSemantic KnowledgeIncorporated Knowledge
It is that knowledge that can be transmitted from one individual to another through some formal means of communication.

It is objective, rational and sequential knowledge. Explicit knowledge can be defined as a set of rules learned by a student, just as any mechanical skill would. You learn consciously. Access to explicit knowledge is done through controlled processing and can be accessed during planning. Knowledge of rules and fragments is declarative. There are no age-related restrictions on explicit learning.

It is one that is normally rooted in personal experiences, mental models and habits that, however, inform personal modes of knowing. It is highly personal, difficult to formalize and communicate. It is partially made up of technical skills.

Implicit knowledge is the acquisition of knowledge about the underlying structure of a complex stimulus environment through a process that occurs naturally, simply and without conscious operations. By implicitly acquiring a grammatical element, the student does not even know that he is learning. Access to implicit knowledge is done through automatic processing.

It refers to the knowledge of general concepts and principles, and their associations. Semantic knowledge, in turn, includes declarative, procedural, schema-based and metacognitive knowledge.It is one that expresses itself in reality through objects and people. It does not exist on the outside, as we could say pure.

Incorporated knowledge is the knowledge deposited, kept, accumulated, stored in each of the things made by man and in man himself, that is, in his brain.

What is knowledge?

The word knowledge comes from the Latin cognoscere, which is formed by the prefix with, which means ‘all’ or ‘together’, and the word gnoscere. Knowledge is understood as the action of knowing, of acquiring information to understand reality through reason, understanding and intelligence. It refers to what results from a learning process. The knowledge originates from the sensory perception from where it reaches the understanding, and from there it passes to the rational process of analysis and coding of the information.

Knowledge is characterized by:

  • Always be cultural, that is, it shapes culture.
  • Be capable of being expressed and transmitted through language.
  • Be coded through a code or language for communication.
  • Guide the thinking, behavior and decision-making processes of human beings.
  • Being a complex phenomenon determined by biological, psychological and social variables.

What is explicit Knowledge?

Knowledge is easy to articulate, write and share. Explicit knowledge is the most basic form of knowledge and it is easy to transmit because it is written and accessible. When data is processed, organized, structured and interpreted, the result is explicit knowledge. Explicit knowledge is easily articulated, recorded, communicated and, most importantly in the world of knowledge management, stored. Data sheets, technical reports, research reports, etc. of your company are explicit company knowledge. Explicit knowledge is knowledge that can be verbalized, stored, accessed, and shared with others.

Most forms of explicit knowledge can be stored on certain media. Information in encyclopedias and textbooks are good examples of explicit knowledge. Explicit knowledge is opposed to tacit knowledge. The most common forms of explicit knowledge are manuals, documents, procedures, and instructional videos. Knowledge can also be audiovisual. Engineering jobs and product design can be seen as other forms of explicit knowledge where human skills, motives and knowledge are outsourced. 

What is implicit knowledge?

Skills that are transferable from job to job are an example of implicit knowledge. Implicit knowledge is the practical application of explicit knowledge. Implicit knowledge is likely to exist throughout your organization. For example, consider asking a team member how to complete a task. This could start a conversation about the range of options for accomplishing the task, as well as the possible outcomes, leading to a thoughtful process to determine the best course of action. It is the implicit knowledge of that team member that educates the conversation about how to do something and what could happen. Also, best practices and skills that can be transferred from job to job are examples of implicit knowledge.

Implicit knowledge is more difficult to transfer because you can’t just write it down or verbalize it. It is a combination of instinct and practice. Some call it “knowledge under construction” and it is generally an unconscious skill. Implicit knowledge arises in the way tasks are performed. Organizational culture is implicit. The skills that can be transferred from one job to another are implicit. 

What is semantic knowledge?

Semantic memory refers to a part of long-term memory that processes ideas and concepts that are not drawn from personal experience. Semantic memory includes things that are common knowledge, such as the names of colors, the sounds of letters, the capitals of countries, and other basic data acquired throughout life.

 What is embodied knowledge?

Knowledge is expressed through objects and people, and it does not exist outside of these two variables. Knowledge exists associated, united, fused with things that man makes and, logically, with man himself. Incorporated knowledge is the knowledge deposited, kept, accumulated, stored in each of the things made by man and in man himself, that is, in his brain. This type of knowledge is associated with knowing how, and depends on the physical presence of people, and the sensations perceived through the senses. It is the knowledge that is acquired through experience, doing.

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