Democrats and Republicans

The Democratic Party and the Republican Party are the two great political parties in the United States of America, and they have very different philosophies and ideas about government.

The democratic ideology defends a greater intervention of the State in the economy, and a more liberal and left-wing philosophy.

The republican ideology bets on a lower performance of the State , defends more conservative ideas and the reduction of taxes.

These are the main differences between the two parties:

DemocratsRepublicans
PhilosophyLiberal, from the left.Conservative, right-wing.
Economic ideasHe defends the existence of a minimum wage and progressive taxation, that is, higher percentages for those with higher incomes.He defends that taxes should not be increased to anyone and that wages should be established by the free market.
Social ideasBased on community and social responsibility.Based on individual rights and justice.
Position on military mattersDecrease in expenses.Increased expenses.
Position on same-sex marriageSupport (but not absolute).Opposition (but not absolute).
Color that represents itBlue.Red.
SymbolButter.Elephant.
Stance on abortionIt must be legal.It must not be legal.
Tax stanceProgressive (the higher the yield, the higher the tax). He is generally not opposed to raising taxes to fund the government.It tends to favor a “flat tax” (same tax rate regardless of income). He is generally opposed to the tax increase.
Regulation by the governmentGovernment regulations are necessary to protect consumers.Government regulations impede free market capitalism and job growth.
Health policySupports universal health and government involvement in healthcare.He believes that private companies can provide more efficient health services than government-run programs.
More traditional statesCalifornia, Massachusetts, Nueva York.Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas.
Foundation1824.1854.
Web pagewww.democrats.orgwww.gop.com
Members43.1 million (in 2012).30.7 million (in 2012).
Famous presidentsFranklin Roosevelt (FDR), John F. Kennedy, Bill Clinton, Woodrow Wilson, Jimmy Carter, Barack Obama.Abraham Lincoln, Teddy Roosevelt, Ronald Reagan, George Bush, Richard Nixon, Donald Trump.

History of the Democratic and Republican parties

The Democratic Party has its origin in the anti-federalist factions, from the time of the independence of America from British rule. These factions were organized by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and other opponents of the Federalists in 1792.

The Republican Party is the younger of the two parties. Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and modernizers, the Republican Party gained more prominence with the election of Abraham Lincoln, the first Republican president. The party presided over the American Civil War and Reconstruction, and was affected by factions and internal scandals in the late 19th century.

Position on the role of government

One of the fundamental differences between the ideals of the Democratic and Republican parties is over the role of government.

Democrats advocate a more active role for government in society, and believe that such participation can improve people’s quality of life, as well as help them achieve greater opportunities on an equal basis.

On the other hand, Republicans tend to defend a small government, both in terms of the number of people employed by the government and in terms of the government’s role and responsibilities in society. They see “big government” as wasteful and a hindrance to getting things done.

His approach is Darwinian capitalism, in which strong companies must survive in a free market, rather than the government influencing who wins or loses in business through regulation.

See also

Philosophy differences between the parties

Republican philosophy leans more toward individual freedoms, rights, and responsibilities. In contrast, Democrats attach greater importance to equality and social and community responsibility.

Democratic Party symbol

Republican Party symbol

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