Communism and socialism

The communism and socialism were born in the context of the industrial revolution and largely in response to a period when entrepreneurs became extremely rich by exploiting their workers. Both are born of Marxism. Through different processes, both philosophies considered the current situation unsustainable and eventually, through social pressures, there were drastic changes.

The fundamental difference between communism and socialism is that under communism individuals are provided or compensated according to their needs . The centrality of socialism is that individuals are compensated based on their individual contribution , so that people who work harder or smarter will receive more than those who do not contribute. This difference highlights a key flaw in the communist model, where no one has any motivation to work harder or smarter, as it would have no impact or benefit.

  CapitalViolent transition of capitalismGradual transition from capitalism
  PropertiesNo private propertyShared with the government
  ReligionReject any religionReligious freedom
  Social classesEquality of classesThere are differences for different work
  Trend countriesChina, North Korea, Russia, CubaNorway, Sweden, France and Canada

What is communism:

Communism is a political, economic and social doctrine that defends that there is no private property or class difference. It seeks that the means of production are in the hands of the State and that there is an equitable distribution of wealth among citizens.

Characteristics of communism

With respect to capital

  • Communism sees the transition from capitalism as a violent revolution in which the existing system is effectively destroyed, while the workers rise up against the upper middle classes.

Regarding the Properties

  • Communism regards all property as public and de facto. No personal property or objects owned by the individual

Regarding religion

  • Communism rejects any religion that actually suppresses it.

Regarding social classes

  • Communism sees the complete abolition of class distinctions because everyone is treated equally.

What is socialism:

Socialism is a political, social and economic doctrine that seeks that the administration of the means of production is in the hands of the workers. That there is a social, political and economic equality of all individuals.

Characteristics of socialism

With respect to capital

  • Rather, socialism sees a gradual transition from capitalism through legal and political processes that ensure that everyone is treated fairly at birth. People would still have the ability to excel and enter the equivalent of the middle class, but their children should work as hard as they did to achieve the same result.

Regarding the properties

  • Under socialism, on the other hand, all industrial and productive capacities would be owned and managed in a way shared by the government. Socialism is at the center of an economic philosophy, while communism is economic and political in its necessity.

Regarding religion

  • In socialism, religious freedom is allowed, although some interpretations see it as promoting secularism in its nature (even if religion is not actually prohibited).

Regarding social classes

  •  Socialism sees a decline, but class distinctions would still exist as there is the ability for some to gain more wealth than others.

Communism and socialism

Since Philosophy was created there were no countries that are totally communist. The Soviet Union, China, Vietnam, Cuba and North Korea are the closest examples, although none of them has achieved (or has reached) a purely communist structure .
Similarly, socialism has never been fully adopted in any country since philosophy was created. Some countries like Norway, Sweden, France, and Canada have many socialist policies (such as free health care and a dominant role for government in many shared services) but still have very strong capitalist structures and traditions.

Who was Karl Marx?

Karl Marx was the father of Marxism , a Jewish-German philosopher born in 1818 and died in 1883. A movement that fought against capitalism and for the equality of people. This movement was an engine of political, social and economic change. From Marxism emerged both capitalism and socialism.

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