Bullying, cyberbullying and bullying

It is becoming more and more common to hear about bullying, cyberbullying and bullying . These problems of violence in the school environment generate difficulties in the academic development of boys and girls and especially emotional problems, which makes it a priority to be able to avoid it and detect it early.

Next we will know the differences between each of these concepts.

DefinitionViolent and intimidating behavior exercised among children and adolescents during the school period, both verbally and physically and psychologically.Harassment or intimidation that is carried out through computerized means.Aggressive or violent behavior, against a child or group of children, that is constantly repeated.
Areas where it occursSchool context, especially in places of recreation or meeting of young people.Computer networks and through the use of current technological resources.School context, but it can also occur in the workplace, social, at home.

What is bullying?

The bullying   is a type of violent behavior and bullying among children and adolescents exercised during the school year, both verbally and physically and psychologically.

The word bullying comes from English and its translation results in the words bullying or intimidation.

The bullying involves a series of mistreatment exercised to continuously and intentionally by one or more assailants. The objective is to attack, hinder, make fun of the victim. This harassment is generally practiced on children or adolescents who tend to be more submissive, who have low self-esteem, are insecure or differ from their peers for different reasons.

This type of mistreatment or violence exercised in different ways, can occur anywhere, be it public spaces such as squares, parks, among others, or where it generally happens more frequently than it is in the school environment.

Bullying usually begins with teasing and then escalates until, on several occasions, physical violence and verbal violence. All this, in any of its measures, generates psychological and emotional damage in the children who are victims.

One thing to keep in mind is that harassment situations that occur outside the school environment, such as at work, in social spaces or different isolated episodes of abuse, are not considered and referred to as bullying. In these cases there is talk of abuse, harassment, intimidation, rape, among others.

What is cyberbullying?

Cyberbullying is called cyberbullying or in Spanish cyberbullying , those cases of harassment that are carried out through computer means . This is harassment or intimidation through computer or social networks.

Cyberbullying involves situations of harassment and abuse , which is sustained and repeated over time. The main characteristic is that it is carried out through computer networks and technological resources that are available today.

In general, these cases tend to be transferred from the physical space to the virtual space and is manifested in sites such as social networks, chats, forums, email, web pages, blogs, photologs, video games, etc. Cyberbullying is also often characterized by the adoption of invented or hidden profiles, which generates that the stress and anguish of the victim can be added to the feeling of not knowing who is attacking them.

What is bullying?

Harassment is defined as permanent behavior in which a harasser acts against the victim in an aggressive or intimidating manner. It is the action and effect of harassing, that is, the act of constantly chasing the victim without giving him rest.

Bullying is any form of physical, verbal or psychological abuse or harassment that is carried out between children and adolescents of school age on a repeated basis and maintained throughout time at school or college.

Harassment can also occur in the family, school or work environment and in different situations of daily life, whether public or private. The use of physical, verbal, psychological, social or sexual aggression is characteristic of harassment.

Differences between harassment, bullying and cyberbullying

The most important thing when identifying a problem is being able to determine what type of problem it is. For this reason, it is very important to know the difference between harassment, bullying and cyberbullying.

When talking about bullying , it refers to those situations in which a child or adolescent is bullied and mocked by their peers on a continuous basis. In order to identify that you are facing a case of bullying, the following elements must be met:

-The existence of intentionality of the person exercising it.

-The actions of harassment or bullying must be repeated over time.

-That a physical, social or psychological imbalance is generated between the harasser and the victim.

-The harassment is always carried out on the same boy, girl or adolescent.

When talking about harassment , reference is made to the act that occurs between equals, that is, one or more students harass another.

It tends to be repeated over time and unlike school violence, the latter can be more specific.

Harassment is a consequence of an imbalance of power and the actors involved can be of any age.

In the case of cyberbullying , violence or aggression is carried out through the use of electronic means. We can differentiate it from the previous cases as follows:

-Unlike bullying or harassment, cyberbullying is carried out through the Internet.

-There is no direct contact with the victim, in fact it is very common for the aggressor to hide his identity.

-In cyberbullying, the case has greater visibility, since the internet and social networks reach many people.

How to detect and avoid harassment, bullying and cyberbullying situations

It is very important to be able to detect cases of bullying and cyberbullying in time to be able to help those who suffer it and to be able to stop the situation as soon as possible.

Effects that can alert a situation of this type:

-Decrease in school performance.

-The victim does not want to go to school or gets nervous when it is time to go.

-Sleep disturbances and signs of fatigue.

-Eat a lot or eat little.

-Stop hanging out with colleagues and friends.

-It manifests anxiety, sadness and in certain cases depression.

In certain cases, these situations can be serious mainly if they last over time. How to avoid this harassment from arising and prevent it?

-It is very important to listen to children or adolescents and detect signs that may indicate that something is not right. Create a climate of trust so that they can express themselves freely.

-Teach the correct use of technologies, so that they learn to act in the face of possible cyberbullying.

-Transmit the values ​​of friendship, solidarity and respect to them in order to prevent these situations from occurring.

-Strengthen self-esteem so that they can get to know themselves and value themselves as they are.

-If a case of bullying or cyberbullying is suspected, it is very important to inform the educational center so that they can implement the necessary measures to prevent the situation from worsening.

-In case of suspicion, it is also advisable to consult a specialist to help the child victim of the situation.

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