Branches of science

Since your childhood, you have probably heard many terms preceded by the word “science.” Therefore, you can sometimes think of this area of ​​study as an uncategorized topic. But it’s wrong, we can scientifically divide these study areas into branches for our learning.

After readig this article, you will realize that no one can be an expert in all branches of science , but don’t worry, because they have sub-branches that combine with each other. This means that basic knowledge of one subject area is necessary for the applications of the other subject areas.

natural Sciences
Formal Sciences
social Sciences
Applied Science
  • Physical science
    • Physics
    • Chemistry
    • earth science
    • Space science
  • life sciences
    • biology
    • Zoology
    • Botany
    • Molecular biology
  • Math
  • Logic
  • Statistics
  • Decisions
  • History
  • Economy
  • Sociology
  • Science teaching
  • Archeology
  • Political Sciences
  • engineering
    • computer’s science
    • Civil Engineering
    • Electric engineering
    • Chemical engineering
    • Genetics
    • Software
    • Operations research
    • Industrial
  • Health Science
    • Medicine
    • Pharmacy
    • Dental
  • Applied Physic
  • Applied Chemistry
  • Applied biology

What are the branches of science

Science is mainly divided into four main branches . They are:

  • natural Sciences
  • social Sciences
  • Formal Sciences
  • Applied Science

Each of these branches has sub-branches according to the nature of the topic. And also, there are overlapping scientific subjects. These themes are based on two sub-branches of the main subject areas mentioned above. Formal Sciences act as a tool for both Natural and Social Sciences to build the area of ​​Applied Sciences. As I mentioned earlier, all of these areas are linked to each other .

If you are a student, you can study biology, chemistry and physics under the subject name “science.” So in a way it can be said that these three subjects are the main branches of science. But these areas of study are only sub-branches of the natural sciences . In fact, all people in general view science only through these three main windows.

If you are going to talk only about chemistry, biology and physics, you have to divide these three gems into Life Sciences and Physical Sciences , sub-branches of the natural sciences. We will get more information about them below.

What are Natural Sciences

Do you want to learn about the universe or nature? So this is your main area of ​​study, where you will be able to explain the various rules of nature using the scientific method known as natural science.

Scientists observe their environment and identify a specific problem or get a day-to-day problem that ties in with nature. Then the scientific method is applied to find the solution or explain the problem. This is the main procedure for conducting a standard investigation .

As I mentioned earlier, the natural sciences are divided into two main branches:

  • Physical science
  • life sciences

What are Physical Sciences

Physical science is an important branch of science. If we consider all branches of science, physical science can be introduced as a platinum subject area . Of course, knowledge of this subject area is very important for other areas of all subjects as well, including the social sciences.

Subject areas of physical sciences: This valuable subject area has four sub areas that are.

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Space science
  • Earth science

All science lovers know the value of these subjects. In reality, the modern technical world is totally dependent on the explanation of Physics. Transistors are invented through theories of physics. What electricians do, they combine these transistors with logic and make a useful application for the human. So we can explain the importance of these issues. Let’s see each of them:

The science of matter, Chemistry

Chemistry is the study of matter and its changes under different conditions . While some may argue that physics says something on the matter as well, chemistry goes deeper into it. The materials found in the earth can be classified into organic and inorganic materials , and they are also made up of atoms. To study these subjects there are three main branches of chemistry:

  • Organic chemistry
  • Inorganic chemistry
  • Nuclear chemistry

Organic chemistry chemists study carbon-based issues and make applications affordable to the world. All other matters on earth are studied through inorganic chemistry.

The nuclear chemistry course provides you with the knowledge of the atom , such as its structure, energy changes and others. All physical phenomena combine with the atomic level.

These major chemistry subjects also include overlapping subbranches. For example, organometallic chemistry is the area of ​​study of the materials that make up carbon and transition metals.

Systems Science, Physics

Physics can be used to describe all living and non-living systems . It can describe how the system is placed in space, the movement of the system, and other physical properties. There are two types of study areas in physics: classical physics and quantum physics .

Classical physics is also known as Newtonian physics because it is based on Newton’s laws. After presenting the quantum theory of the scientist’s plate and Albert Instain’s contribution of knowledge, quantum physics begins to develop as a matter. The area of ​​study at the nano-level of matter is known as nanoscience and is studied in both chemistry and physics.

Space science, rocket science

It doesn’t matter if you don’t love scientific words, but even a child likes to know about space. Especially planets, stars, black holes, etc. the study of these things known as astronomy . Astronomy, in short, we can say that it studies visible space. The area of ​​study on the entire universe is known as cosmology , another interesting and never-ending subject.

The Science of Our Living Planet, Earth Science

There are many curious things on earth to study. The area of ​​study on the lithosphere is known as geology , and the area of ​​study of the atmosphere and the biosphere of the hydrosphere is included in ecology .

I think all the physical things that we know of can be included in one of the previous sections discussed in physical sciences. Also, it is vital to distinguish the differences between physics and physical science.

What are life sciences

In the life sciences, there are three main branches.

  • Zoology
  • Botany
  • Molecular biology

Do you love animals? Then zoology is your branch. There the great kingdom of animals is deeply studied . Or, do you love plants? Then you must opt ​​for botany, which studies deeply about the kingdom of plants . The life sciences tool known as molecular biology studies the molecular level of all living things .

What are formal sciences

The difference between natural science and formal science is that, in formal science, not all theories are going to be proven with the real word like natural science. All theories of formal science come with the human imagination . Let’s look at the main areas of formal science:

  • Math
  • Logic
  • Statistics
  • Decisions

All the above sciences must be studied under the care and according to a system. For this, mathematics can be used as a tool. For the study of the most intelligent activities is the logic . Therefore, this subject area is used as a tool for computing. All scientific investigations need statistics as a tool to organize and analyze the data and results of the study. Subjects such as economics and philosophy are encompassed in decisions .

What are the social sciences

Do you want to study law, history, the relationship between humans or languages ​​as subjects? So you have to opt for the social sciences . Following the development of technology, study through social sciences is becoming easier thanks to social media.

What are applied sciences

The other three branches of science that we saw earlier study on theories of particular topics. Knowing only the theories of a specific topic, it is difficult to reap the benefits of them. So this is where applied science comes into play.

Applied science studies how theories of a topic can be applied to the needs of humans . Example: How to make cheap fuels for energy needs.

This branch is very important for science, because we want an application of science instead of knowing the theories. All industrial applications come with applied science studies. In addition, all science subjects have an area of applied sciences, for example, applied physics, applied mathematics, applied biology, etc .

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