Branches of psychology

The psychology is a very broad field that goes far beyond what many imagine how one person against another telling what happens. Within psychology there are different branches and professionals that focus on different studies. Today we will know the main branches of psychology and its application .

Branch of psychologyObject of study
Clinical psychologyMental disorders or psychological problems that affect the quality of life of human beings.
Family and couple psychologyFamily relationships and the conflicts that arise from them.
Organizational or work psychologyHuman behavior in the workplace from an individual, group and organizational perspective.
Cognitive psychologyInternal processes of the human mind.
Developmental psychologyPsychological variations or changes that all human beings experience throughout life.
Psychology of the educationForms of learning of human beings and fundamentally within educational centers.
Forensic psychologyCriminal facts and the evaluation of possible criminals.
NeuropsicologíaHuman behavior in relation to a dysfunction in the brain.
Social psychologyHow the thoughts and behaviors of one person are influenced by another.
Sports psychologyBehavior of individuals before, during and after a sporting activity.

The science of psychology has as many branches as there are activities carried out by human beings. Each one of them is oriented to different fields of application and varied objectives. Let’s see which are the main ones:

Branches of psychology

1 clinical psychology

Clinical psychology constitutes one of the main branches, in addition to being the best known. It focuses on the study and analysis of mental disorders or also called psychological problems that affect the quality of life of human beings.

This branch carries out the evaluation, diagnoses, prevention and treatment of people depending on the type of mental disorder that disturbs them. Professionals who are dedicated to this branch of psychology offer psychotherapy , which is a service whose form and procedures can change according to the orientation or school applied by the psychoanalyst.

Clinical psychology encompasses several schools such as the constructivist, the Gestalt, the psychoanalyst, the behaviorist, among others. Today’s psychologists often apply techniques from several of these schools depending on the patient’s condition.

2. Family and couple psychology

This branch of psychology is one that focuses on family relationships and the problems that arise from them, such as communication problems, relationships between members, psychological disorders. Couples problems, some pathology of a relative, conflicts with children or family members, and so on are usually analyzed.

Family and couple psychology can be considered as a branch or specialization of clinical psychology, since it is based on couple, family, and sexology therapies, in order to resolve family conflicts . They are usually sessions that are carried out in a group way.

3. Organizational psychology

Organizational psychology or also called work psychology is the branch that studies human behavior in the workplace, analyzing it from an individual, group and organizational perspective, with the aim of being able to improve productivity and performance, as well as promote personal development and a good quality of life for employees.

In general, psychologists specialized in this branch are within the human resources area of the organization or are people who offer their services from external agencies specialized in the selection of personnel, in training, the creation of more effective work dynamics , among others.

4. Cognitive psychology

This branch of psychology is one that studies the internal processes of the human mind , this means that it analyzes how we think, how we perceive the environment and other people, how we communicate and how we learn or how we remember. There are those who say that cognitive psychology is the study of intelligence , since it involves the use of certain tools to improve memory, security in decision-making, ways of learning, and so on.

5. Developmental psychology

Developmental psychology is the branch that deals with studying the psychological variations or changes that all human beings experience throughout our lives, from a scientific point of view. These stages include the stage of newborn, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age. Each of them is a different and particular stage that involves the acquisition of certain skills, the development of personality, self-esteem, the use of language, that is, the formation of the identity of each one as a person.

The objective of this branch is to be able to teach techniques and strategies in order to achieve development in the best possible way. Developmental psychology is closely related to educational psychology, which involves human learning.

6. Educational psychology

This branch focuses on studying how the learning of human beings occurs and fundamentally within educational centers . Its objective is to analyze how students learn and how this teaching helps them to develop.

Educational psychology studies the different techniques and strategies that make learning in the best possible way, always prioritizing a good relationship between teachers and students. The psychology of education is very important for the elaboration of the different educational models, the study plans and to manage the educational centers.

7. Forensic psychology

Forensic psychology is the branch that investigates criminal acts and the evaluation of possible criminals. Professionals who are dedicated to forensic psychology analyze the mental health of the alleged offender with the aim of preparing a report and explaining it to the court. The forensic psychologist analyzes, collects and presents the psychological evidence that will be taken into account during the judicial process.

In addition, this branch of psychology focuses on the creation of the psychological profiles of criminals in order to collaborate in the search and capture of them.

8. Neuropsicología

This branch of psychology, known as neuropsychology, is based on the study of human behavior in relation to a dysfunction in the brain. That is, it establishes what the relationships may be between the different brain injuries , malformations, dysfunctions, diseases of the nervous system and the cognitive or emotional disorders that are linked to them.

The professional in neuropsychology makes a clinical diagnosis of the cognitive, behavioral and emotional functioning of a person and guides patients, family members and health personnel to control symptoms and treatments.

9. Social psychology

Social psychology is the branch that is based on the study of the way in which the thoughts and behaviors of one person are influenced by another. In addition, this branch analyzes the different social organizations in order to study and analyze the behavior of the people who make up each group, what are the roles of each individual and how their behaviors vary according to different situations.

It is one of the most interesting branches of psychology, since it focuses on the collective and the different relationships of people in a certain context. This specialization is very close to sociology.

10. Sports psychology

This branch deals with studying the behavior of human beings before, during and after a sporting activity , in order to analyze motivation, personality, anxiety, group dynamics, or levels of aggressiveness.

The objective of this branch is to achieve to maximize the mental capacities of each athlete, as well as their concentration and their control over the different emotions.

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