Asepsis and antisepsis

The asepsis is the procedure to prevent contamination by microorganisms previously sterilized substrates. The antisepsis or bacteriostasises practice directed to the neutralization of a microbial burden by blocking reproduction and not necessarily kill the germs.

The asepsis and antisepsis are not the same, antisepsis is the complex operations performed to prevent or retard the development of pathogenic microorganisms which directly or indirectly can cause an infection in the human organism, therefore literally exists the presence of pathogenic microorganisms. On the other hand, asepsis is operating in conditions of complete lack of contamination; therefore, it avoids any possible development and presence of pathogenic microorganisms.

 Terms It operates when contamination is lacking or in the absence of pathogenic microorganisms (Preventive hygiene of the place) It operates when there is contamination or presence of pathogenic microorganisms (Disinfection of a place)
 Is done Prevents the development of organismsPrevents or retards the development of microorganisms

What is asepsis:

The asepsis is preventive hygiene place, or it is a series of measures to prevent infectious diseases to prevent contamination by bacteria, microbes, parasites or other germs in a specific area. Asepsis consists of decontamination of the environment, the material and the use of antiseptics on the skin.

Objective of asepsis

Its objective is to reduce the proliferation of pathogens and the transmission of viruses. Asepsis is total in surgery or in sterile rooms.

How is asepsis performed?

Asepsis is carried out in different ways, including cleaning the space, sterilizing objects, applying isolation techniques, use of certain clothing (chinstrap, gloves, aprons, etc.) and utensils.

What can cause a lack of asepsis?

Lack of asepsis can cause microorganisms to enter the body, especially during surgery, and cause serious infections.

What is antisepsis:

The antisepsis is the disinfection of a location that is defined as the use of chemicals to inhibit growth, destroy or reduce the number of microorganisms on the skin, mucous membranes and all living tissues. It is the absence of sepsis. The purpose of these procedures is to avoid or mitigate the risk of infection in any surgical technique.

Objective of antisepsis

The objective of antisepsis is to eliminate and inhibit the growth of pathogenic microorganisms that can be found on the skin, membranes and in all living tissue. It is usually done before an operation or to clean a wound.

What can cause the lack of antisepsis?

Lack of antisepsis can cause the development of microorganisms and subsequent diseases.

What is an antiseptic?

An antiseptic is a chemical used to slow or prevent the growth of pathogenic organisms . They can be iodinated compounds, alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine, etc.

What is sterilization?

The sterilization is a technique used to destroy micrrorganismos. For this, chemical or germicidal methods and physical methods (x-rays, sterilizing gas, dry heat, sterilizing gas, radiation, etc.) are used.

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