Anabolism and catabolism

Anabolism and catabolism: anabolic reactions of catabolic reactions that will help you understand what type of exercises you require most frequently to achieve the desired result. In turn, thanks to this article you will be able to understand more about the functioning of your body and that of many other organisms since the metabolism of any living being is governed by two reactions that degrade and synthesize molecules to obtain or release energy.

“Cata destroys what Ana builds”

I assure you that you will understand this phrase much better with the following scheme:

Anabolism
catabolism
What is itMetabolic process that synthesizes the molecules that the body needs.Metabolic process that breaks down large molecules into smaller molecules.
Energy requirements Need energyReleases energy
Hormones involvedEstrogen, testosterone, insulin, growth hormone.Adrenaline, cortisol, glucagon, cytokines.
Example regarding metabolic processes PhotosynthesisCellular respiration
Example in terms of exercises Anabolic exercises are considered to be those in which muscle mass is generated.Catabolic exercises are considered those in which fat is burned.

What is anabolism:

The anabolism is a chemical reaction that is part of the metabolism and is where complex molecules are synthesized from other simple. The process is possible thanks to the intervention of the adem = nosin triphosphate (ATP) that provides energy.

Anabolism functions

  • Increase muscle mass
  • They store energy
  • They form components and muscle tissue of growth

What is catabolism:

Catabolism breaks down the various nutrients in simpler ways. Energy is released as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecules.

Catabolism functions

  • Degrade organic nutrients
  • They nourish the body
  • Extract energy from degrading nutrients for use in the body

Anabolic processes vs catabolic processes

Anabolic processes use simple molecules within the body to create more complex compounds, which is also called “biosynthesis.” Anabolic processes use energy to create their end products, which the body can use to build its body structure or to obtain energy later. Growing in height and muscle mass are two basic anabolic processes. At the cellular level, anabolic processes can use small molecules called monomers to build polymers, resulting in often highly complex molecules. For example, amino acids (monomers) can be synthesized into proteins (polymers), just as a builder can use bricks to create a wide variety of buildings.

The catabolic processes decompose complex compounds and molecules to release energy. This creates the metabolic cycle , where anabolism creates molecules that catabolism destroys for energy usable in everyday life processes. The main catabolic process is digestion, where nutrients are ingested and broken down into simpler components for the body to use. Cellular respiration is the catabolic process par excellence since it degrades the molecular glucose to obtain carbon dioxide, water and energy.

Effect of catabolic and anabolic processes on body metabolism

The body weight of a person will be the end result of catabolism least anabolism , ie, how much energy is released in the body, how much less energy is used by the body. The excess energy added to the body is stored as fat or glycogen. If a person’s goal is to lose weight, the basic method is to increase energy use and reduce energy intake, always under medical supervision.

Most people report that metabolism is the cause of being overweight or underweight , but metabolic processes vary little from person to person. The belief that some people have a “high” or “fast” metabolism, while others have a “slow” or “low” metabolism is not supported by science.

Anabolic and catabolic exercises

The catabolic exercises help burn calories and fat s and t are lso known as aerobic by the amount of oxygen used . Typical catabolic exercises are jogging, cycling, swimming, dancing, or any physical activity performed for at least 20 minutes at moderate intensity. Time is an important factor in obtaining results because after about 15-20 minutes, the body stops using glucose and glycogen and uses fat to maintain the body’s energy requirements.

The anabolic exercisesare generally those that build muscle mass, such as weight lifting, isometric (resistance) exercises, sprinting, jumping rope, interval training, or any activity performed at high intensity for short periods of time. With these activities, the body is forced to use its immediate energy reserves and then removes the accumulation of lactic acid in the muscles. To prepare for another effort, the body increases muscle mass, strengthens bones, and uses amino acids to increase protein stores. Some of the amino acids will come from fat stored in the body. They are also known as anaerobes, not because they do not use oxygen, but to differentiate them from catabolic or aerobic ones that do so in greater amounts.

By consistently combining aerobic and anaerobic exercises, a person can use anabolic and catabolic processes to achieve or maintain an ideal body weight, as well as to improve and maintain overall health.

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